Heterogeneous photocatalytic reduction of ferrate(VI) in UV-irradiated titania suspensions: Role in enhancing destruction of nitrogen-containing pollutants
The results of the heterogeneous photocatalytic reduction of Fe(VI) in UV-irradiated TiO2 suspensions are presented and suggest indirect observation of the formation of Fe(V) by the photoreduction of Fe(VI) with at TiO2 surfaces. Because Fe(V) selectively and rapidly oxidizes low reactivity pollutants with the production of the non-toxic by-product, Fe(III), the photocatalytic reduction of Fe(VI) has a role in pollution remediation processes. The experiments were conducted as a function of TiO2 suspension concentrations, Fe(VI) concentrations, and pH in basic media. The initial rate of Fe(VI) reduction gave a fractional order with respect to initial Fe(VI) concentrations and adheres to simple Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetics. Results suggest that the surface reaction is the rate-controlling step. The photocatalytic reduction of Fe(VI) in the presence of less reactive nitrogen-containing species (ammonia, cyanate, and fulvic acid) were also investigated. Enhancement in the rate of Fe(VI) reduction was observed. A reaction scheme involving Fe(V) as an intermediate is presented which explains the faster photocatalytic oxidation of pollutants in the presence of Fe(VI).