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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 5 (2003), Issue 3, Pages 183-190
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S1110662X0300031X

Heterogeneous photocatalytic reduction of ferrate(VI) in UV-irradiated titania suspensions: Role in enhancing destruction of nitrogen-containing pollutants

Department of Chemistry, Florida Institute of Technology, 150 West University Boulevard, Melbourne, Florida 32901, USA

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The results of the heterogeneous photocatalytic reduction of Fe(VI) in UV-irradiated TiO2 suspensions are presented and suggest indirect observation of the formation of Fe(V) by the photoreduction of Fe(VI) with ecb at TiO2 surfaces. Because Fe(V) selectively and rapidly oxidizes low reactivity pollutants with the production of the non-toxic by-product, Fe(III), the photocatalytic reduction of Fe(VI) has a role in pollution remediation processes. The experiments were conducted as a function of TiO2 suspension concentrations, Fe(VI) concentrations, and pH in basic media. The initial rate of Fe(VI) reduction gave a fractional order with respect to initial Fe(VI) concentrations and adheres to simple Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetics. Results suggest that the surface reaction (Fe(VI)+ecbFe(V)) is the rate-controlling step. The photocatalytic reduction of Fe(VI) in the presence of less reactive nitrogen-containing species (ammonia, cyanate, and fulvic acid) were also investigated. Enhancement in the rate of Fe(VI) reduction was observed. A reaction scheme involving Fe(V) as an intermediate is presented which explains the faster photocatalytic oxidation of pollutants in the presence of Fe(VI).