Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2006, Article ID 18482, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/IJP/2006/18482

Thin organic layers for photography and electronic devices

1Frontier Core-Tech. Labs., Fuji Photo Film Co., Kaisei-machi, Ashigarakami-gun, Kanagawa-ken 258-8577, Japan
2Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Materials Science & Institute for Advanced Research, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku 464-8602, Nagoya-shi, Japan
3School of Materials Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science & Technology, Tatsunokuchi 923-1292, Ishikawa, Japan
4Imaging Science and Engineering Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Nagatsuda-cho, Midori-ku 226-8503, Yokohama, Japan

Received 30 March 2006; Revised 31 May 2006; Accepted 20 June 2006

Copyright © 2006 Tadaaki Tani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Tani, Photographic Sensitivity; Theory and Mechanisms, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 1995.
  2. A. Hagfeldt and M. Grätzel, “Light-induced redox reactions in nanocrystalline systems,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 49–68, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. M. Grätzel, “Photoelectrochemical cells,” Nature, vol. 414, no. 6861, pp. 338–344, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  4. H. W. Vogel, “Uber die lightempfindlichkeit der Bromsilbers for die sogenannten chemisch unwirksamen Farben,” Chemische Berichte, vol. 6, p. 1302, 1873.
  5. T. Tani, T. Suzumoto, and K. Ohzeki, “Energy gap dependence of efficiency of photoinduced electron transfer from cyanine dyes to silver bromide microcrystals in spectral sensitization,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 94, no. 4, pp. 1298–1301, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. S. Daehne, F. Fink, E. Klose, K. Treuchner, G. Bach, and J. V. Grossmann, “Estimation of the rate constant for spectral sensitization of silver halides by J-aggregates,” J. Signal AM., vol. 6, p. 105, 1978.
  7. D. V. Brumbaugh, A. A. Muenter, W. Knox, and G. Mourou, “Singlet exciton annihilation in the picosecond fluorescence decay of 1, 1-diethyl-2,2-cyanine chloride dye J-aggregate,” Journal of Luminescence, vol. 31-32, part 2, pp. 783–785, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. K. Takahashi, K. Obi, I. Tanaka, and T. Tani, “Picosecond kinetics of spectral sensitization by a J-aggregated dye on AgBr microcrystals,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 154, no. 3, pp. 223–227, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. T. Tani, T. Suzumoto, K. Kemnitz, and K. Yoshihara, “Picosecond kinetics of light-induced electron transfer from J-aggregated cyanine dyes to silver bromide microcrystals: effect of aggregate size,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 96, no. 7, pp. 2778–2783, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. W. West and B. H. Carroll, “Photo-conductivity in photographic systems I. Dye-sensitization of photo-conductivity,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 529–543, 1947. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. W. West and B. H. Carroll, “Energy transfer in the photo-sensitization of silver halide photographic emulsions: optical sensitization, supersensitization, and antisensitization,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 417–427, 1951. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. J.-W. Oh, S. Kumazaki, I. V. Rubtsov, T. Suzumoto, T. Tani, and K. Yoshihara, “Ultrafast energy transfer in J-aggregate on AgBr microcrystals: its dependence on dye coverage,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 352, no. 5-6, pp. 357–362, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. T. Tani, K. Ohzeki, and K. Seki, “Phase selective second harmonic AC voltammetry and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy for evaluation of electronic structures of cyanine dyes,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 138, no. 5, pp. 1411–1415, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. K. Seki, H. Yanagi, Y. Kobayashi, T. Ohta, and T. Tani, “UV photoemission study of dye/AgBr interfaces in relation to spectral sensitization,” Physical Review B, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 2760–2767, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. R. W. Gurney and N. F. Mott, “The theory of the photolysis of silver bromide and the photographic latent image,” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, vol. 164, no. 917, pp. 151–167, 1938. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. K. Seki, T. Tani, and H. Ishii, “Electronic structures of organic-inorganic interfaces studied by UV photoemission,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 273, no. 1-2, pp. 20–26, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. H. Ishii and K. Seki, “Energy level alignment at organic/metal interfaces studied by UV photoemission: breakdown of traditional assumption of a common vacuum level at the interface,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 1295–1301, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. H. Ishii, K. Sugiyama, D. Yoshimura, E. Ito, Y. Ouchi, and K. Seki, “Energy-level alignment at model interfaces of organic electroluminescent devices studied by uv photoemission: trend in the deviation from the traditional way of estimating the interfacial electronic structures,” IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 24–32, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. H. Ishii, K. Sugiyama, E. Ito, and K. Seki, “Energy level alignment and interfacial electronic structures at organic/metal and organic/organic interfaces,” Advanced Materials, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 605–625, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. M. Funahashi and J. Hanna, “Photoconductive behavior in smectic a phase of 2-(4- heptyloxyphenyl)-6-dodecylthiobenzothiazole,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 2: Letters, vol. 35, no. 6 A, pp. L703–L705, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. M. Funahashi and J. Hanna, “Fast ambipolar carrier transport in smectic phases of phenylnaphthalene liquid crystal,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 602–604, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. M. Funahashi and J. Hanna, “Fast hole transport in a new calamitic liquid crystal of 2-(4-heptyloxyphenyl)-6-dodecylthiobenzothiazole,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 78, no. 11, pp. 2184–2187, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. M. Funahashi and J. Hanna, “First electronic conduction with high hole mobility in smectic a phase of a calamitic liquid crystal,” Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, vol. 304, pp. 429–434, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. S. M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2nd edition, 1981.
  25. P. E. Burrows, Z. Shen, and V. Bulovic et al., “Relationship between electroluminescence and current transport in organic heterojunction light-emitting devices,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 79, no. 10, pp. 7991–8006, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. M. A. Baldo and S. R. Forrest, “Interface-limited injection in amorphous organic semiconductors,” Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 64, no. 8, Article ID 085201, 17 pages, 2001.
  27. T. Toda, T. Takeuchi, J. Hanna, and T. Tani, “Electrical properties and electronics structure of the interface between electrode and liquid-crystalline semiconductor,” Journal of the Society of Photographic Science and Technology of Japan, vol. 68, p. 390, 2005.
  28. T. Toda, J. Hanna, and T. Tani, to appear in Journal of Applied Physics.
  29. T. Toda, J. Hanna, and T. Tani, “A study on positive hole injection from electrode to liquid-crystalline semiconductors,” in NIP22; 22nd International conference on digital printing tecnologies, pp. 7–22, Denver, Colorado, USA, September 2006.