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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2007, Article ID 42582, 7 pages
Research Article

Influence of Lanthanide(III) Ions on the Reaction System Tryptophan—H2O2–Fe(II)

Department of Rare Earths, Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, Grunwaldzka 6, Poznań 60-780, Poland

Received 7 April 2006; Revised 26 September 2006; Accepted 26 September 2006

Academic Editor: Sabry Abdel-Mottaleb

Copyright © 2007 M. Kaczmarek and S. Lis. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Chemiluminescence (CL) studies were carried out with luminescent lanthanide ions as probes to a tryptophan-oxidation reaction at pH 6. The redox system consisted of tryptophan, hydrogen peroxide, and Fe(II) ions (catalysts of H2O2 decomposition). The luminescent lanthanide(III) ions used were Eu(III), Tb(III), Gd(III), and Dy(III). In the case of the reaction system with the Tb(III) ion a significant increase in the chemiluminescence intensity and its duration was observed over the other Ln(III) ions. The CL spectrum registered for this system shows emission bands typical of Tb(III) ions with maxima at λ 490 and 550 nm, corresponding to the electronic transitions of 5D47F6 and 5D47F5, respectively. The presence of emission bands characteristic of the Ln(III) ions was also observed in the systems containing Eu(III) and Dy(III) ions. These studies revealed a strong influence of the chemiluminescence intensity associated with the tryptophan oxidation, on the concentration of Ln(III) ions. On the basis of the results obtained, a possible mechanism is proposed for reaction of the systemml: Ln(III)—tryptophan—H2O2–Fe(II), taking into consideration an energy transfer process from the tryptophan oxidation products to the Tb(III), Dy(III), or Eu(III) ions.