International Journal of Photoenergy

International Journal of Photoenergy / 2007 / Article

Research Article | Open Access

Volume 2007 |Article ID 094786 |

Ali A. Sabziparvar, "General Formula for Estimation of Monthly Mean Global Solar Radiation in Different Climates on the South and North Coasts of Iran", International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2007, Article ID 094786, 7 pages, 2007.

General Formula for Estimation of Monthly Mean Global Solar Radiation in Different Climates on the South and North Coasts of Iran

Academic Editor: Julian Blanco Galvez
Received11 Apr 2006
Revised14 Sep 2006
Accepted25 Sep 2006
Published10 Dec 2006


Using sunshine duration, cloud cover, relative humidity, average of maximum temperature, and ground albedo as the input of several radiation models, the monthly average daily solar radiation on horizontal surface in various coastal cities of the South (25.23 N) and the North (38.42 N) of Iran are estimated. Several radiation models are tested and further are revised by taking into consideration the effects of relative humidity, ground albedo, and Sun-Earth distance. Model validation is performed by using up to 13 years (1988–2000) of daily solar observations. Errors are calculated using MBE, MABE, MPE, and RMSE statistical criteria (see nomenclature) and further a general formula which estimates the global radiation in different climates of coastal regions is suggested. The proposed method shows a good agreement (less than 7% deviation) with the long-term pyranometric data. In comparison with other works done so far, the suggested method performs a higher degree of accuracy for those of two regions. The model results can be extended to other locations in coastal regions where solar data are not available.


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Copyright © 2007 Ali A. Sabziparvar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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