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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2007, Article ID 94786, 7 pages
Research Article

General Formula for Estimation of Monthly Mean Global Solar Radiation in Different Climates on the South and North Coasts of Iran

College of Agriculture, University of Bu-Ali Sina, Hamedan 65174, Iran

Received 11 April 2006; Revised 14 September 2006; Accepted 25 September 2006

Academic Editor: Julian Blanco Galvez

Copyright © 2007 Ali A. Sabziparvar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Using sunshine duration, cloud cover, relative humidity, average of maximum temperature, and ground albedo as the input of several radiation models, the monthly average daily solar radiation on horizontal surface in various coastal cities of the South (25.23 N) and the North (38.42 N) of Iran are estimated. Several radiation models are tested and further are revised by taking into consideration the effects of relative humidity, ground albedo, and Sun-Earth distance. Model validation is performed by using up to 13 years (1988–2000) of daily solar observations. Errors are calculated using MBE, MABE, MPE, and RMSE statistical criteria (see nomenclature) and further a general formula which estimates the global radiation in different climates of coastal regions is suggested. The proposed method shows a good agreement (less than 7% deviation) with the long-term pyranometric data. In comparison with other works done so far, the suggested method performs a higher degree of accuracy for those of two regions. The model results can be extended to other locations in coastal regions where solar data are not available.