Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 173943, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/173943
Research Article

Photocatalytic Hydrogen or Oxygen Evolution from Water over S- or N-Doped TiO2 under Visible Light

Department of Material Science, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, 1-1 Sensui-cho, Tobata-ku, Fukuoka, Kitakyushu-shi 804-8550, Japan

Received 20 March 2007; Accepted 22 May 2007

Academic Editor: M. Sabry A. Abdel-Mottaleb

Copyright © 2008 Kazumoto Nishijima et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Fujishima and K. Honda, “Electrochemical photolysis of water at a semiconductor electrode,” Nature, vol. 238, no. 5358, pp. 37–38, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. S. Sato and M. White, “Photodecomposition of water over Pt/TiO2 catalysts,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 83–86, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. M. R. Hoffmann, S. T. Martin, W. Choi, and D. W. Bahnemann, “Environmental applications of semiconductor photocatalysis,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 69–96, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. M. V. Rao, K. Rajeshwar, V. R. Vernerker, and J. Kubow, “Photosynthetic production of hydrogen and hydrogen peroxide on semiconducting oxide grains in aqueous solutions,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 84, no. 15, pp. 1987–1991, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Nishimoto, B. Ohtani, H. Kajiwara, and T. Kagiya, “Correlation of the crystal structure of titanium dioxide prepared from titanium tetra-2-propoxide with the photocatalytic activity for redox reactions in aqueous propan-2-ol and silver salt solutions,” Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 61–68, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. S. Sato, “Photocatalytic activity of NOx-doped TiO2 in the visible light region,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 123, no. 1-2, pp. 126–128, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. R. Asahi, T. Morikawa, T. Ohwaki, K. Aoki, and Y. Taga, “Visible-light photocatalysis in nitrogen-doped titanium oxides,” Science, vol. 293, no. 5528, pp. 269–271, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. T. Umebayashi, T. Yamaki, H. Itoh, and K. Asai, “Band gap narrowing of titanium dioxide by sulfur doping,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 454–456, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. H. Irie, Y. Watanabe, and K. Hashimoto, “Carbon-doped anatase TiO2 powders as a visible-light sensitive photocatalyst,” Chemistry Letters, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 772–773, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. S. Sakthivel and H. Kisch, “Daylight photocatalysis by carbon-modified titanium dioxide,” Angewandte Chemie, vol. 42, no. 40, pp. 4908–4911, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. T. Ohno, T. Mitsui, and M. Matsumura, “Photocatalytic activity of S-doped TiO2 photocatalyst under visible light,” Chemistry Letters, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 364–365, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. T. Ohno, M. Akiyoshi, T. Umebayashi, K. Asai, T. Mitsui, and M. Matsumura, “Preparation of S-doped TiO2 photocatalysts and their photocatalytic activities under visible light,” Applied Catalysis A, vol. 265, no. 1, pp. 115–121, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. K. Yamaguchi and S. Sato, “Photolysis of water over metallized powdered TiO2,” Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1, vol. 81, no. 5, pp. 1237–1246, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. K. Domen, A. Kudo, and T. Onishi, “Mechanism of photocatalytic decomposition of water into H2 and O2 over NiO-SrTiO3,” Journal of Catalysis, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 86–92, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. K. Sayama, A. Tanaka, K. Domen, K. Maruya, and T. Onishi, “Photocatalytic decomposition of water over platinum-intercalated K4Nb6O17,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 1345–1348, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. R. Abe, K. Sayama, and H. Sugihara, “Development of new photocatalytic water splitting into H2 and O2 using two different semiconductor photocatalysts and a shuttle redox mediator IO3/I,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 109, no. 33, pp. 16052–16061, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. T. Ohno, T. Tsubota, K. Nishijima, and Z. Miyamoto, “Degradation of methylene blue on carbonate species-doped TiO2 photocatalysts under visible light,” Chemistry Letters, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 750–751, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. T. Ohno, T. Tsubota, M. Toyofuku, and R. Inaba, “Photocatalytic activity of a TiO2 photocatalyst doped with C4+ and S4+ ions having a rutile phase under visible light,” Catalysis Letters, vol. 98, no. 4, pp. 255–258, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. Y. Nosaka, M. Matsushita, J. Nishino, and A. Y. Nosaka, “Nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide photocatalysts for visible response prepared by using organic compounds,” Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 143–148, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. Y. I. Kim, S. J. Atherton, E. S. Brigham, and T. E. Mallouk, “Sensitized layered metal oxide semiconductor particles for photochemical hydrogen evolution from nonsacrificial electron donors,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 97, no. 45, pp. 11802–11810, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. T. Ohno, D. Haga, K. Fujihara, K. Kaizaki, and M. Matsumura, “Unique effects of iron(III) ions on photocatalytic and photoelectrochemical properties of titanium dioxide,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 101, no. 33, pp. 6415–6419, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. K. Fujihara, T. Ohno, and M. Matsumura, “Splitting of water by electrochemical combination of two photocatalytic reactions on TiO2 particles,” Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions, vol. 94, no. 24, pp. 3705–3709, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. T. Ohno, K. Fujihara, K. Sarukawa, F. Tanigawa, and M. Matsumura, “Splitting of water by combining two photocatalytic reactions through a quinone compound dissolved in an oil phase,” Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, vol. 213, no. 2, pp. 165–174, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  24. H. Luo, T. Takata, Y. Lee, J. Zhao, K. Domen, and Y. Yan, “Photocatalytic activity enhancing for titanium dioxide by co-doping with bromine and chlorine,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 846–849, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar