Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2008, Article ID 721824, 15 pages
Review Article

Increase of the Photocatalytic Activity of T i O 𝟐 by Carbon and Iron Modifications

Department of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Faculty of chemical Engineering, Szczecin University of Technology, ul. Pulaskiego 10, Szczecin 70-322, Poland

Received 27 August 2007; Accepted 23 November 2007

Academic Editor: M. Sabry A. Abdel-Mottaleb

Copyright © 2008 Beata Tryba. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Modification of T i O 2 by doping of a residue carbon and iron can give enhanced photoactivity of T i O 2 . Iron adsorbed on the surface of T i O 2 can be an electron or hole scavenger and results in the improvement of the separation of free carriers. The presence of carbon can increase the concentration of organic pollutants on the surface of T i O 2 facilitating the contact of the reactive species with the organic molecules. Carbon-doped T i O 2 can extend the absorption of the light to the visible region and makes the photocatalysts active under visible-light irradiation. It was proved that T i O 2 modified by carbon and iron can work in both photocatalysis and photo-Fenton processes, when H 2 O 2 is used, enhancing markedly the rate of the organic compounds decomposition such as phenol, humic acids and dyes. The photocatalytic decomposition of organic compounds on T i O 2 modified by iron and carbon is going by the complex reactions of iron with the intermediates, what significantly accelerate the process of their decomposition. The presence of carbon in such photocatalyst retards the inconvenient reaction of OH radicals scavenging by H 2 O 2 , which occurs when Fe- T i O 2 photocatalyst is used.