Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2012, Article ID 634802, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/634802
Research Article

A Comparative Evaluation of TiO2 Suspension Coating Techniques: A Novel Technique to Achieve Optimal Thickness and Uniformity of Photocatalytic Film

1Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1417613151, Iran
2Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 8174673461, Iran
3School of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4Health Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Received 25 August 2012; Revised 31 October 2012; Accepted 31 October 2012

Academic Editor: Leonardo Palmisano

Copyright © 2012 Masoud Rismanchian et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. V. G. Bessergenev, M. C. Mateus, D. A. Vasconcelos et al., “TiO2:(Fe, S) Thin films prepared from complex precursors by CVD, physical chemical properties, and photocatalysis,” International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2012, Article ID 767054, 12 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. J. Yu, M. Jaroniec, and G. Lu, “TiO2 photocatalytic materials,” International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2012, Article ID 206183, 5 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. J. A. Byrne, P. A. Fernandez-Ibañez, P. S. M. Dunlop, D. M. A. Alrousan, and J. W. J. Hamilton, “Photocatalytic enhancement for solar disinfection of water: a review,” International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2011, Article ID 798051, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. U. I. Gaya and A. H. Abdullah, “Heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation of organic contaminants over titanium dioxide: a review of fundamentals, progress and problems,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. Zhao, J. Ran, Z. Shu et al., “Effects of calcination temperatures on photocatalytic activity of ordered titanate nanoribbon/SnO2 films fabricated during an EPD process,” International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2012, Article ID 472958, 7 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. B. I. Stefanov, N. V. Kaneva, G. L. Puma, and C. D. Dushkin, “Novel integrated reactor for evaluation of activity of supported photocatalytic thin films: case of methylene blue degradation on TiO2 and nickel modified TiO2 under UV and visible light,” Colloids and Surfaces A, vol. 382, no. 1–3, pp. 219–225, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Wu, Q. Zhao, D. Miao, and Y. Dong, “Synthesis and characterization of Sb-doped SnO2-(CeO2-TiO2) composite thin films deposited on glass substrates for antistatic electricity and UV-shielding,” Journal of Rare Earths, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 189–193, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Novotna, J. Krysa, J. Maixner, P. Kluson, and P. Novak, “Photocatalytic activity of sol-gel TiO2 thin films deposited on soda lime glass and soda lime glass precoated with a SiO2 layer,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 204, no. 16-17, pp. 2570–2575, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. A. Dibble and G. B. Raupp, “Fluidized-bed photocatalytic oxidation of trichloroethylene in contaminated airstreams,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 492–495, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Lim, V. Rudolph, M. Anpo, and G. Q. (Max) Lu G.Q., “Fluidized-bed photocatalytic degradation of airborne styrene,” Catalysis Today, vol. 131, no. 1–4, pp. 548–552, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. V. Meille, “Review on methods to deposit catalysts on structured surfaces,” Applied Catalysis A, vol. 315, pp. 1–17, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H.-H. Tseng, M. C. Wei, S. F. Hsiung, and C. W. Chiou, “Degradation of xylene vapor over Ni-doped TiO2 photocatalysts prepared by polyol-mediated synthesis,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 150, no. 1, pp. 160–167, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. R. W. Sidwell, H. Zhu, B. A. Kibler, R. J. Kee, and D. T. Wickham, “Experimental investigation of the activity and thermal stability of hexaaluminate catalysts for lean methane-air combustion,” Applied Catalysis A, vol. 255, no. 2, pp. 279–288, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Schuessler, M. Portscher, and U. Limbeck, “Monolithic integrated fuel processor for the conversion of liquid methanol,” Catalysis Today, vol. 79-80, pp. 511–520, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. X. Xianyu, M. K. Park, and W. I. Lee, “Thickness effect in the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 thin films derived from sol-gel process,” Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 903–907, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. O. Akhavan, “Thickness dependent activity of nanostructured TiO2/α- Fe2O3 photocatalyst thin films,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 257, no. 5, pp. 1724–1728, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. P. Chang, F. H. Wang, J. C. Chao, C. C. Huang, and H. W. Liu, “Effects of thickness and annealing on the properties of Ti-doped ZnO films by radio frequency magnetron sputtering,” Current Applied Physics, vol. 11, no. 1, supplement, pp. S185–S190, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G.-J. Yang, C. J. Li, F. Han, W. Y. Li, and A. Ohmori, “Low temperature deposition and characterization of TiO2 photocatalytic film through cold spray,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 254, no. 13, pp. 3979–3982, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Bennani, R. Dillert, T. M. Gesing, and D. Bahnemann, “Physical properties, stability, and photocatalytic activity of transparent TiO2/SiO2 films,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 173–179, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Yu, X. Zhao, Q. Zhao, and G. Wang, “Preparation and characterization of super-hydrophilic porous TiO2 coating films,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 68, no. 1–3, pp. 253–259, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. J. de Groot and X. C. de Lega, “Transparent film profiling and analysis by interference microscopy,” in Proceedings of the Interferometry XIV: Applications, San Diego, Calif, USA, August 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Catherine Blount, D. H. Kim, and J. L. Falconer, “Transparent thin-film TiO2 photocatalysts with high activity,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 35, no. 14, pp. 2988–2994, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. G. Yu, H. G. Yu, B. Cheng, X. J. Zhao, J. C. Yu, and W. K. Ho, “The effect of calcination temperature on the surface microstructure and photocatalytic activity of TiO2 Thin films prepared by liquid phase deposition,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 107, no. 50, pp. 13871–13879, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Yu, G. Dai, and B. Cheng, “Effect of crystallization methods on morphology and photocatalytic activity of anodized TiO2 nanotube array films,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 114, no. 45, pp. 19378–19385, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. F. L. Toma, L. M. Berger, D. Jacquet et al., “Comparative study on the photocatalytic behaviour of titanium oxide thermal sprayed coatings from powders and suspensions,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 203, no. 15, pp. 2150–2156, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. Johnson, “Selection of materials for UV optics,” OPTI521 12, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  27. M. Rismanchian, F. Golbabaei, Y. Mortazavi et al., “Evaluation of photoionization detector performance in photocatalytic studies for removing volatile organic compounds,” International Journal of Environmental Health Engineering, vol. 1, article 42, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  28. A. Kubacka, B. Bachiller-Baeza, G. Colón, and M. Fernández-García, “Doping level effect on sunlight-driven W,N-co-doped TiO2-anatase photo-catalysts for aromatic hydrocarbon partial oxidation,” Applied Catalysis B, vol. 93, no. 3-4, pp. 274–281, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. W.-K. Jo and J. T. Kim, “Application of visible-light photocatalysis with nitrogen-doped or unmodified titanium dioxide for control of indoor-level volatile organic compounds,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 164, no. 1, pp. 360–366, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Q. Xiang, J. Yu, and M. Jaroniec, “Tunable photocatalytic selectivity of TiO2 films consisted of flower-like microspheres with exposed {001} facets,” Chemical Communications, vol. 47, no. 15, pp. 4532–4534, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. Ş. Neaţu, E. Sacaliuc-Pârvulescu, F. Lévy, and V. I. Pârvulescu, “Photocatalytic decomposition of acetone over dc-magnetron sputtering supported vanadia/TiO2 catalysts,” Catalysis Today, vol. 142, no. 3-4, pp. 165–169, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. Kafizas, C. Crick, and I. P. Parkin, “The combinatorial atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition (cAPCVD) of a gradating substitutional/interstitial N-doped anatase TiO2 thin-film; UVA and visible light photocatalytic activities,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A, vol. 216, no. 2-3, pp. 156–166, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. B. Wang, Q. Li, W. Wang, Y. Li, and J. Zhai, “Preparation and characterization of Fe3+-doped TiO2 on fly ash cenospheres for photocatalytic application,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 257, no. 8, pp. 3473–3479, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. L. Cui, F. Huang, M. Niu, L. Zeng, J. Xu, and Y. Wang, “A visible light active photocatalyst: nano-composite with Fe-doped anatase TiO2 nanoparticles coupling with TiO2(B) nanobelts,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A, vol. 326, no. 1-2, pp. 1–7, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. Y. Ohko, Y. Nakamura, N. Negishi, S. Matsuzawa, and K. Takeuchi, “Photocatalytic oxidation of nitrogen monoxide using TiO2 thin films under continuous UV light illumination,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A, vol. 205, no. 1, pp. 28–33, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. N. Ma, X. Fan, X. Quan, and Y. Zhang, “Ag-TiO2/HAP/Al2O3 bioceramic composite membrane: fabrication, characterization and bactericidal activity,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 336, no. 1-2, pp. 109–117, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. Shang, W. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Structure and photocatalytic characteristics of TiO2 film photocatalyst coated on stainless steel webnet,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A, vol. 202, no. 1-2, pp. 187–195, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus