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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 857345, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/857345
Research Article

Enhanced Hydrogen Production over C-Doped CdO Photocatalyst in Na 2 S/Na 2 SO 3 Solution under Visible Light Irradiation

State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Photocatalysis, Research Institute of Photocatalysis, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, China

Received 6 December 2011; Revised 12 February 2012; Accepted 13 February 2012

Academic Editor: Weifeng Yao

Copyright © 2012 Quan Gu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The C-doped CdO photocatalysts were simply prepared by high-temperature solid-state process. The as-prepared photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-Vis DRS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results demonstrated that the carbon was doped into CdO, resulting in the red-shift of the optical absorption of CdO. The photocatalytic behavior of CdO and C-doped CdO was evaluated under the visible light irradiation by using the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution as a model reaction. The C-doped CdO photocatalysts had higher photocatalytic activity over parent CdO under visible light irradiation. The results indicated that the H2 production was due to the existence of CdS and the enhancement of visible light photocatalytic activity of H2 production was originated from the doping of carbon into the CdO lattice. The probably reaction mechanism was also discussed and proposed.