Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2013, Article ID 406158, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/406158
Research Article

Facile Preparation of Phosphotungstic Acid-Impregnated Yeast Hybrid Microspheres and Their Photocatalytic Performance for Decolorization of Azo Dye

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China

Received 16 January 2013; Revised 9 April 2013; Accepted 9 April 2013

Academic Editor: Elias Stathatos

Copyright © 2013 Lan Chen and Bo Bai. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Mizuno and M. Misono, “Heterogeneous catalysis,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 199–217, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Y. H. Guo, C. W. Hu, X. L. Wang et al., “Microporous decatungstates: synthesis and photochemical behavior,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 4058–4064, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. L. Li, Q. Y. Wu, Y. H. Guo, and C. W. Hu, “Effect of thermal treatment on surface and bulk properties of Fe/ZSM-5 zeolites prepared by different methods,” Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, vol. 87, no. 2, pp. 93–102, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  4. M. M. Heravi, F. Derikvand, and F. F. Bamoharram, “Highly efficient, four-component one-pot synthesis of tetrasubstituted imidazoles using Keggin-type heteropolyacids as green and reusable catalysts,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A, vol. 263, no. 1-2, pp. 112–114, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. A. Heydaria, S. Khaksara, M. Sheykhana, and M. Tajbakhsh, “H3PMo12O40 as a new and reusable catalyst for Mukaiyama and Mannich reactions in heterogeneous media,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A, vol. 287, no. 1-2, pp. 5–8, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. A. Kumar, P. Singh, S. Kumar, R. Chandra, and S. Mozumdar, “A facile one-pot synthesis of thioethers using heteropoly acids,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A, vol. 276, no. 1-2, pp. 95–101, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. X. M. Yan, J. H. Lei, D. Liu, Y. C. Wu, and W. Liu, “Synthesis and catalytic properties of mesoporous phosphotungstic acid/SiO2 in a self-generated acidic environment by evaporation-induced self-assembly,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 42, no. 11, pp. 1905–1913, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. S. T. Li, C. D. Wu, Y. S. Yan, X. M. Lü, and P. W. Huo, “Photodegradation of organic contaminant by heteropoly acid,” Progress in Chemistry, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 690–697, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  9. P. Kormali, D. Dimoticali, D. Tsipi, A. Hiskia, and E. Papaconstantinou, “Photolytic and photocatalytic decomposition of fenitrothion by PW12O403− and TiO2: a comparative study,” Applied Catalysis B, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 175–183, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Hori, E. Hayakawa, K. Koike, H. Einaga, and T. Ibusuki, “Decomposition of nonafluoropentanoic acid by heteropolyacid photocatalyst H3PW12O40 in aqueous solution,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A, vol. 211, no. 1-2, pp. 35–41, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. X. Yang, G. Yu, L. R. Kong, and L. S. Wang, “Kinetic Study on Photodegradation of Acid Red 3B Catalyzed by Heteropoly Acid,” Environmental Science, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 40–43, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  12. K. Su, Z. Li, B. Cheng, L. Zhang, M. Zhang, and J. Ming, “The studies on the Friedel-Crafts acylation of toluene with acetic anhydride over HPW/TiO2,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 92, no. 10, pp. 2011–2015, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Y. J. Zeng, H. J. Yu, and L. Shi, “Structure and Catalytic Activity of Phosphotungstic Acid Supported on Y-Zeolite,” Chemical Reaction Engineering and Technology, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 542–547, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  14. F. Gao, J. W. Sun, and S. H. Zhong, “Synthesis and characterization of heteropoly acid catalyst supported on carbonized resin,” Chinese Journal of Catalysis, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 187–190, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  15. L. Y. Wen, S. K. Shen, and E. Z. Min, “Physicochemical and Catalytic Properties of 12-Phosphotungstic Acid Supported on Different Silica,” Chinese Journal of Catalysis, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 524–528, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  16. Z. Obalı and T. Dogu, “Activated carbon-tungstophosphoric acid catalysts for the synthesis of tert-amyl ethyl ether (TAEE),” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 138, no. 1–3, pp. 548–555, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. S. J. Yang, Y. J. Zhang, and H. L. Zhang, “Degradation of Methyl Orange Solution over H3PW12O40/MCM-48,” Chemical Reaction Engineering and Technology, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 562–566, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  18. W. He, X. Tian, Y. Du et al., “Biologically formed hollow cuprous oxide microspheres,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 758–762, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. Weinzierl, A. Lind, and W. Kunz, “Hollow SiO2 microspheres produced by coating yeast cells,” Crystal Growth and Design, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 2318–2323, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. Bai, N. Quici, Z. Y. Li, and G. L. Puma, “Novel one step fabrication of raspberry-like TiO2@yeast hybrid microspheres via electrostatic-interaction-driven self-assembled heterocoagulation for environmental applications,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 170, no. 2-3, pp. 451–456, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. B. Bai, W. S. Guan, Z. Y. Li, and G. L. Puma, “Bio-template route for facile fabrication of Cd(OH)2@yeast hybrid microspheres and their subsequent conversion to mesoporous CdO hollow microspheres,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 26–31, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. B. S. Li, Z. X. Liu, C. Y. Han, W. Ma, and S. J. Zhao, “In situ synthesis, characterization, and catalytic performance of tungstophosphoric acid encapsulated into the framework of mesoporous silica pillared clay,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 377, no. 1, pp. 334–341, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. S. J. Joris and C. H. Amberg, “Nature of deficiency in nonstoichiometric hydroxyapatites. II. Spectroscopic studies of calcium and strontium hydroxyapatites,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 75, no. 20, pp. 3172–3178, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. M. Beekes, P. Lasch, and D. Naumann, “Analytical applications of Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy in microbiology and prion research,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 123, no. 4, pp. 305–319, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. K. C. Blakeslee and R. A. Condrate, “Vibrational spectra of hydrothermally prepared hydroxyapatites,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 559–563, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. K. J. Rothschild and N. A. Clark, “Anomalous amide I infrared absorption of purple membrane,” Science, vol. 204, no. 4390, pp. 311–312, 1979. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. R. A. Nyquist and R. O. Kagel, Infrared Spectra of Inorganic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1971.
  28. J. Yang, M. J. Janik, D. Ma et al., “Location, acid strength, and mobility of the acidic protons in Keggin 12-H3PW12O40: a combined solid-state NMR spectroscopy and DFT quantum chemical calculation study,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 127, no. 51, pp. 18274–18280, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. A. E. R. S. Khdera, H. M. A. Hassana, and M. S. El-Shall, “Acid catalyzed organic transformations by heteropoly tungstophosphoric acid supported on MCM-41,” Applied Catalysis A, vol. 411-412, pp. 77–86, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. Y. S. Kim, F. Wang, M. Hickner, T. A. Zawodzinski, and J. E. McGrath, “Fabrication and characterization of heteropolyacid (H3PW12O40)/directly polymerized sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) copolymer composite membranes for higher temperature fuel cell applications,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 212, no. 1-2, pp. 263–282, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. L. Zhang, H. Q. He, R. Kamal S/O Abdul Rasheed et al., “Fabrication of novel phosphotungstic acid functionalized mesoporous silica composite membrane by alternative gel-casting technique,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 221, pp. 318–327, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. L. Zhang, Q. Jin, L. Shan, Y. Liu, X. Wang, and J. Huang, “H3PW12O40 immobilized on silylated palygorskite and catalytic activity in esterification reactions,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 47, no. 3-4, pp. 229–234, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. P. Staiti, S. Freni, and S. Hocevar, “Synthesis and characterization of proton-conducting materials containing dodecatungstophosphoric and dodecatungstosilic acid supported on silica,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 250–255, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. X. L. Sheng, Y. M. Zhou, Y. W. Zhang, M. W. Xue, and Y. Z. Duan, “Immobilization of 12-tungstophosphoric acid on LaSBA-15 and its catalytic activity for alkylation of o-xylene with styrene,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 179, pp. 295–301, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. P. M. Rao, A. Wolfson, S. Kababya, S. Vega, and M. V. Landau, “Immobilization of molecular H3PW12O40 heteropolyacid catalyst in alumina-grafted silica-gel and mesostructured SBA-15 silica matrices,” Journal of Catalysis, vol. 232, no. 1, pp. 210–225, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. Yuan, P. Yue, and L. Wang, “A study on the magnetically supported heteropolyacid nanophase catalysts,” Powder Technology, vol. 202, no. 1–3, pp. 190–193, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. H. T. Pu, F. J. Jiang, and Z. L. Yang, “Preparation and properties of soft magnetic particles based on Fe3O4 and hollow polystyrene microsphere composite,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 10–14, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. Y. H. Guo, Y. H. Wang, C. W. Hu et al., “Microporous polyoxometalates poms/SiO2: synthesis and photocatalytic degradation of aqueous organocholorine pesticides,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 3501–3508, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. Y. Bin, Y. Zhou, Y. X. Jing et al., “Photocatalytic degradation of aqueous 4-chlorophenol by silica-immobilized polyoxometalates,” Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 1325–1329, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. M. Mercier-Bonin, K. Ouazzani, P. Schmitz, and S. Lorthois, “Study of bioadhesion on a flat plate with a yeast/glass model system,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 271, no. 2, pp. 342–350, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. A. Bingol, H. Ucun, Y. K. Bayhan, A. Karagunduz, A. Cakici, and B. Keskinler, “Removal of chromate anions from aqueous stream by a cationic surfactant-modified yeast,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 245–249, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. E. Rafiee and S. Shahebrahimi, “Nano silica with high surface area from rice husk as a support for 12-tungstophosphoric acid: an efficient nano catalyst in some organic reactions,” Chinese Journal of Catalysis, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 1326–1333, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar