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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014, Article ID 149520, 8 pages
Research Article

Bottom-Up Enhancement of g-C3N4 Photocatalytic H2 Evolution Utilising Disordering Intermolecular Interactions of Precursor

1Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237, China
2Centre for Clean Environment and Energy, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Gold Coast, QLD 4222, Australia
3Physics Department and Shanghai Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China

Received 9 June 2014; Revised 20 August 2014; Accepted 8 September 2014; Published 30 November 2014

Academic Editor: Wenjun Luo

Copyright © 2014 Xue Lu Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Disordered intermolecular interaction carbon nitride precursor prepared by water-assisted grinding of dicyandiamide was used for synthesis of g-C3N4. The final sample possesses much looser structure and provides a broadening optical window for effective light harvesting and charge separation efficiency, which exhibits significantly improved H2 evolution by photocatalytic water splitting. The bottom-up mechanochemistry method opens new vistas towards the potential applications of weak interactions in the photocatalysis field and may also stimulate novel ideas completely different from traditional ones for the design and optimization of photocatalysts.