Table 1: The , , FF, efficiency, and enhancement of the standard sample, CdSe-NP, and CdSe-TP/NR3 added OPV device.

Device (mA/cm2) (V)FFEfficiency (%)Improvement (%)

Standard9.60.630.633.800
CdSe-NP9.00.600.603.26−14.2
CdSe-TP/NR310.90.640.624.3013.2