Table 2: The , , FF, efficiencies, and enhancement of the standard sample and CdSe-TP/NR modified OPV device with different concentrations.

DeviceConcentrations (wt%) (mA/cm2) (V)FFEfficiency (%)Improvement (%)

Standard09.60.630.633.800
CdSe-TP/NR1109.80.620.633.861.5
CdSe-TP/NR23010.10.630.634.015.5
CdSe-TP/NR35010.90.640.624.3013.2
CdSe-TP/NR41009.60.620.603.58−5.8
CdSe-TP/NR51759.40.620.553.19−16.0