International Journal of Photoenergy / 2014 / Article / Fig 5

Research Article

Expanding Thermal Plasma Chemical Vapour Deposition of ZnO:Al Layers for CIGS Solar Cells

Figure 5

Secondary-electron SEM images of shunt-causing defects. (a) Following CIGS deposition, numerous CuSex particles were found within crater-like defects. (b) Following ZnO:Al/i-ZnO/CdS deposition, the CuSex particles are no longer seen, but numerous craters remain.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.