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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 370160, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/370160
Review Article

Review of Polymer, Dye-Sensitized, and Hybrid Solar Cells

Solar Energy Research Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 16 May 2014; Revised 14 November 2014; Accepted 18 November 2014; Published 14 December 2014

Academic Editor: Man Shing Wong

Copyright © 2014 S. N. F. Mohd-Nasir et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The combination of inorganic nanoparticles semiconductor, conjugated polymer, and dye-sensitized in a layer of solar cell is now recognized as potential application in developing flexible, large area, and low cost photovoltaic devices. Several conjugated low bandgap polymers, dyes, and underlayer materials based on the previous studies are quoted in this paper, which can provide guidelines in designing low cost photovoltaic solar cells. All of these materials are designed to help harvest more sunlight in a wider range of the solar spectrum besides enhancing the rate of charge transfer in a device structure. This review focuses on developing solid-state dye-synthesized, polymer, and hybrid solar cells.