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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014, Article ID 516806, 7 pages
Research Article

Sonochemical Synthesis, Characterization, and Photocatalytic Activity of N-Doped TiO2 Nanocrystals with Mesoporous Structure

1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471023, China
2School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University of Technology, Chongqing 400050, China

Received 25 January 2014; Accepted 13 February 2014; Published 17 March 2014

Academic Editor: Tian-Yi Ma

Copyright © 2014 Tiekun Jia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


N-Doped TiO2 nanocrystals were synthesized via a simple sonochemical route, using titanium tetrachloride, aqueous ammonia, and urea as starting materials. The as-synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) equipped with an energy dispersion X-ray spectrometer (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-vis diffuse reflection spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms. The results of TEM and nitrogen adsorption-desorption showed that the average size and specific surface area of the as-synthesized nanocrystals are 10 nm and 107.2 m2/g, respectively. Raman spectral characterization combined with the results of XRD and EDS revealed that N dopant ions were successfully doped into TiO2. Compared with pure TiO2, the adsorption band edge of N-doped TiO2 samples exhibited an obvious red shift to visible region. The photocatalytic activities were evaluated by the degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) under visible light, and the results showed that the N-doped TiO2 sample synthesized by an optimal amount of urea exhibited excellent photocatalytic activity due to its special mesoporous structure and the incorporation of nitrogen dopant ions.