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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 584921, 6 pages
Research Article

Fabrication of a Porous TiO2-Coated Silica Glass Tube and Its Application for a Handy Water Purification Unit

1Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology, KSP building East 407, 3-2-1 Sakado, Takatsu-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 213-0012, Japan
2Photocatalysis International Research Center, Tokyo University of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan
3Optical Communications R&D Laboratories, Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., 1 Taya-cho, Sakae-ku, Yokohama 244-8588, Japan
4R&D General Planning Division, Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., 1-1-3 Shimaya, Konohana-ku, Osaka 554-0024, Japan
5Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology, LiSE Lab., 3-25-13 Tonomachi, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 210-0821, Japan
6Department of Urology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-0004, Japan

Received 7 February 2014; Accepted 1 April 2014; Published 14 May 2014

Academic Editor: Luminita Andronic

Copyright © 2014 Tsuyoshi Ochiai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A simple, handy, reusable, and inexpensive water purification unit including a one-end sealed porous amorphous-silica (a-silica) tube coated with 2 μm of porous TiO2 photocatalyst layers has been developed. Both TiO2 and a-silica layers were formed through outside vapor deposition (OVD). Raman spectrum of the porous TiO2-coated a-silica glass tube indicated that the anatase content of the TiO2 layers of the tube was estimated to be approximately 60 wt%. Developed porous TiO2-coated a-silica glass tube has been assayed for the tube filtering feature against Escherichia coli (E. coli) solution used as one of the typical bacteria size species or Q phage also used as typical virus size species and compared with the feature of porous a-silica tubes alone. The tubes removed E. coli completely from the aqueous suspension which contained 106 CFU/mL of E. coli without UV irradiation. The porous TiO2-coated a-silica glass tube with UV-C lamps successfully reduced the Q phage amount in the suspension from 109 to 103 PFU/mL.