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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014, Article ID 626251, 10 pages
Research Article

Performance Analysis of Hybrid PV/Diesel Energy System in Western Region of Saudi Arabia

1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Tanjungpura, Pontianak 78124, Indonesia
3Constantine Electrical Engineering Laboratory (LEC), Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Constantine 1, 25000 Constantine, Algeria

Received 29 October 2013; Accepted 24 March 2014; Published 13 May 2014

Academic Editor: Adel M. Sharaf

Copyright © 2014 Makbul A. M. Ramli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The potential implementation of hybrid photovoltaic (PV)/diesel energy system in western region of Saudi Arabia is analyzed in this paper. The solar radiation intensity considered in this study is in the range of 4.15–7.17 kWh/m2/day. The HOMER software is used to perform the technical and economical analysis of the system. Three different system configurations, namely, stand-alone diesel system, and hybrid PV/diesel system with and without battery storage element, will be evaluated and discussed. The analysis will be addressed to the impact of PV penetration and battery storage on energy production, cost of energy, number of operational hours of diesel generators, fuel savings, and reduction of carbon emission for the given configurations. The simulation results indicate that the energy cost of the hybrid PV/diesel/battery system with 15% PV penetration, battery storage of 186.96 MWh, and energy demand of 32,962 MWh/day is $0.117/kWh.