Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 650945, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/650945
Research Article

Evaluation and Optimization to Recycle Used TiO2 Photoelectrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Department of Electro-Optical Engineering, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan 701, Taiwan

Received 7 December 2013; Revised 7 January 2014; Accepted 8 January 2014; Published 16 February 2014

Academic Editor: Minjoong Yoon

Copyright © 2014 Ruei-Tang Chen and Chien-Feng Liao. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. O'Regan and M. Grätzel, “A low-cost, high-efficiency solar cell based on dye-sensitized colloidal TiO2 films,” Nature, vol. 353, no. 6346, pp. 737–740, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. J. Jeng, Y. L. Wung, L. B. Chang, and L. Chow, “Particle size effects of TiO2 layers on the solar efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells,” International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2013, Article ID 563897, 9 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. C. L. Lee, W. H. Lee, and C. H. Yang, “High efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells based on ruthenium and metal-free dyes,” International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2013, Article ID 250397, 6 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. O. Kohle, M. Grätzel, A. F. Meyer, and T. B. Meyer, “The photovoltaic stability of, bis (isothiocyanato) rutheniurn (II)-bis-2, 2′ bipyridine-4, 4′-dicarboxylic acid and related sensitizers,” Advanced Materials, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 904–906, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. M. Amirnasr, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Thermal stability of cis-dithiocyanato(2,2′-bipyridyl4,4′dicarboxylate) ruthenium(II) photosensitizer in the free form and on nanocrystalline TiO2 films,” Thermochimica Acta, vol. 348, no. 1-2, pp. 105–114, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. G. Agrell, J. Lindgren, and A. Hagfeldt, “Degradation mechanisms in a dye-sensitized solar cell studied by UV-VIS and IR spectroscopy,” Solar Energy, vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 169–180, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J.-H. Yum, R. Humphry-Baker, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. K. Nazeeruddin, and M. Grätzel, “Effect of heat and light on the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells based on organic sensitizers and nanostructured TiO2,” Nano Today, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 91–98, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. C. Chen, W. D. Jehng, L. L. Li, and E. W.-G. Diau, “Enhanced efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells using anodic titanium oxide nanotube arrays,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 156, no. 9, pp. C304–C312, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Beppu, Y. Kashiwa, S. Hayase, M. Kono, and Y. Yamaguchi, “Transparent conductive oxide layer-less three dimensional dye sensitized solar cells: fabrication of ionic path in three dimensional Ti electrode,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 48, no. 6, Article ID 061504, 4 pages, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. Onoda, S. Ngamsinlapasathian, T. Fujieda, and S. Yoshikawa, “The superiority of Ti plate as the substrate of dye-sensitized solar cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 91, no. 13, pp. 1176–1181, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. F. Chiang, R. T. Chen, P. S. Shen, P. Chen, and T. F. Guo, “Extension lifetime for dye-sensitized solar cells through multiple dye adsorption/desorption process,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 225, pp. 257–262, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. T. Stergiopoulos, A. Ghicov, V. Likodimos et al., “Dye-sensitized solar cells based on thick highly ordered TiO2 nanotubes produced by controlled anodic oxidation in non-aqueous electrolytic media,” Nanotechnology, vol. 19, no. 23, Article ID 235602, 7 pages, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Y. J. Kim, M. H. Lee, H. J. Kim et al., “Formation of highly efficient dye-sensitized solar cells by hierarchical pore generation with nanoporous TiO2 spheres,” Advanced Materials, vol. 21, no. 36, pp. 3618–3673, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Y. Ogura, S. Nakane, M. Morooka, M. Orihashi, Y. Suzuki, and K. Noda, “High-performance dye-sensitized solar cell with a multiple dye system,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 94, no. 7, Article ID 073308, 3 pages, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. H. Guai, Q. L. Song, Z. S. Lu, C. M. Ng, and C. M. Li, “Tailor and functionalize TiO2 compact layer by acid treatment for high performance dye-sensitized solar cell and its enhancement mechanism,” Renewable Energy, vol. 51, pp. 29–35, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. M. K. Nazeeruddin, R. Humphry-Baker, P. Liska, and M. Grätzel, “Investigation of sensitizer adsorption and the influence of protons on current and voltage of a dye-sensitized nanocrystalline TiO2 solar cell,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 107, no. 34, pp. 8981–8987, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. K. Nazeeruddin, F. de Angelis, S. Fantacci et al., “Combined experimental and DFT-TDDFT computational study of photoelectrochemical cell ruthenium sensitizers,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 127, no. 48, pp. 16835–16847, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. I. T. Choi, M. J. Ju, S. H. Kang et al., “Structural effect of carbazole-based coadsorbents on the photovoltaic performance of organic dye-sensitized solar cells,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 1, no. 32, pp. 9114–9121, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. S. D. Manmeeta, G. D. Sharma, and M. S. Roy, “Improved performance of oxidized alizarin based quasi solid state dye sensitized solar cell by surface treatment,” Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 61–71, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  20. S. Ito, P. Liska, P. Comte et al., “Control of dark current in photoelectrochemical (TiO2/I--I3-) and dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chemical Communications, no. 34, pp. 4351–4353, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. M. Song, K. D. Seo, M. S. Kang et al., “A simple triaryl amine-based dual functioned co-adsorbent for highly efficient dye-sensitized solar cells,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 3786–3794, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. Cahen, G. Hodes, M. Grätzel, J. F. Guillemoles, and I. Riess, “Nature of photovoltaic action in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 104, no. 9, pp. 2053–2059, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Lim, Y. S. Kwon, and T. Park, “Effect of coadsorbent properties on the photovoltaic performance of dye-sensitized solar cells,” Chemical Communications, vol. 47, no. 14, pp. 4147–4149, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. P. Qu and G. J. Meyer, “Proton-controlled electron injection from molecular excited states to the empty states in nanocrystalline TiO2,” Langmuir, vol. 17, no. 21, pp. 6720–6728, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus