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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014, Article ID 719126, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/719126
Research Article

Evaluation of Fuzzy Logic Subsets Effects on Maximum Power Point Tracking for Photovoltaic System

1Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Center of Advanced Power and Energy Research (CAPER), Malaysia

Received 23 January 2014; Accepted 8 August 2014; Published 2 September 2014

Academic Editor: Gopal N. Tiwari

Copyright © 2014 Shahrooz Hajighorbani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Photovoltaic system (PV) has nonlinear characteristics which are affected by changing the climate conditions and, in these characteristics, there is an operating point in which the maximum available power of PV is obtained. Fuzzy logic controller (FLC) is the artificial intelligent based maximum power point tracking (MPPT) method for obtaining the maximum power point (MPP). In this method, defining the logical rule and specific range of membership function has the significant effect on achieving the best and desirable results. This paper presents a detailed comparative survey of five general and main fuzzy logic subsets used for FLC technique in DC-DC boost converter. These rules and specific range of membership functions are implemented in the same system and the best fuzzy subset is obtained from the simulation results carried out in MATLAB. The proposed subset is able to track the maximum power point in minimum time with small oscillations and the highest system efficiency (95.7%). This investigation provides valuable results for all users who want to implement the reliable fuzzy logic subset for their works.