Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 834128, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/834128
Research Article

Optical and Structural Characterization of Nickel Coatings for Solar Collector Receivers

1Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via di S. Marta 3, 50139 Florence, Italy
2CNR-INO National Institute of Optics, Largo E. Fermi 6, 50125 Firenze, Italy

Received 27 March 2014; Accepted 3 August 2014; Published 21 August 2014

Academic Editor: Ugo Mazzucato

Copyright © 2014 Stefano Pratesi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. A. Kalogirou, “Solar thermal collectors and applications,” Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 231–295, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. E. Kennedy, “Review of mid-to-high temperature solar selective absorber materials,” Tech. Rep., National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  3. D. Fissi, Studio e modellazione termo-uidodinamica del tubo ricevitore di un collettore parabolico lineare (PTC) di piccola taglia per la produzione di calore industriale a media temperatura [Ph.D. thesis], Università Degli Studi di Firenze Scuola di Dottorato in Ingegneria Industriale, 2012.
  4. H. Yuncu, E. Paykoc, and Y. Yener, “Solar energy utilization,” Cesme, p. 1987, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  5. W. Yu, D. M. France, J. L. Routbort, and S. U. S. Choi, “Review and comparison of nanofluid thermal conductivity and heat transfer enhancements,” Heat Transfer Engineering, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 432–460, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. Sani, S. Barison, C. Pagura et al., “Carbon nanohorns-based nanofluids as direct sunlight absorbers,” Optics Express, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 5179–5187, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. Sani, P. Di Ninni, L. Colla, S. Barison, and F. Agresti, “Optical properties of mixed nanofluids containing carbon nanohorns and silver nanoparticles for solar energy applications,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. In press.
  8. M. Koltun, G. Gukhman, and A. Gavrilina, “Stable selective coating “black nickel” for solar collector surfaces,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 41–44, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. Wäckelgård, “Characterization of black nickel solar absorber coatings electroplated in a nickel chlorine aqueous solution,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 35–44, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. N. Patel, O. T. Inal, A. J. Singh, and A. Scherer, “Optimization and thermal degradation study of black nickel solar collector coatings,” Solar Energy Materials, vol. 11, no. 5-6, pp. 381–399, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. R. Bayati, M. H. Shariat, and K. Janghorban, “Design of chemical composition and optimum working conditions for trivalent black chromium electroplating bath used for solar thermal collectors,” Renewable Energy, vol. 30, no. 14, pp. 2163–2178, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. E. McDonald, “Spectral reflectance properties of black chrome for use as a solar selective coating,” Solar Energy, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 119–122, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. M. Driver, “An electrochemical approach to the characterisation of black chrome selective surfaces,” Solar Energy Materials, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 179–202, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Muehlratzer, G. P. Goerler, E. Erben, and H. Zeilinger, “Selection of a black chrome bath for continuous tube-plating and the properties of the coatings deposited from it,” Solar Energy, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 115–120, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. D. Lee, W. C. Jung, and J. H. Kim, “Thermal degradation of black chrome coatings,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 125–137, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. B. Pettit, R. R. Sowell, and I. J. Hall, “Black chrome solar selective coatings optimized for high temperature applications,” Solar Energy Materials, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 153–170, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. N. V. Mandich and D. L. Snyder, Electrodeposition of Chromium, John Wiley & Sons, 2010.
  18. W. F. Bogaerts and C. M. Lampert, “Materials for photothermal solar energy conversion,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2847–2875, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. M. Lampert, “Microstructural characterization of a black chrome solar selective absorber,” in 4th Optics Applied to Solar Energy, vol. 0161 of Proceedings of SPIE, San Diego, Calif, USA, August 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. B. N. Popov, R. E. White, D. Slavkov, and Z. Koneska, “Reduction of chromium (VI) when solar selective black chromium is deposited in the presence of organic additive,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 139, no. 1, pp. 91–98, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. E. Bertorelle, Trattato di Galvanotecnica, 1977.
  22. J. R. Davis, Ed., Asm Specialty Handbook: Nickel, Cobalt, and Their Alloys, 2000.
  23. 81st Metal Finishing Guidebook, vol. 111, 2013.
  24. R. B. Ross, Handbook of Metal Treatments and Testing, Chapman and Hall, London, UK, 1988.
  25. G. A. di Bari, Electrodeposition of Nickel , in Modern Electroplating, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 2010.