Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2014, Article ID 939040, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/939040
Research Article

MOCVD ZnO/Screen Printed Ag Back Reflector for Flexible Thin Film Silicon Solar Cell Application

Solar Energy Technology Laboratory, National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency, 112 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Road, Klong 1, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand

Received 8 May 2013; Accepted 17 December 2013; Published 23 January 2014

Academic Editor: Jun-Ho Yum

Copyright © 2014 Amornrat Limmanee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Ichikawa, T. Yoshida, T. Hama, H. Sakai, and K. Harashima, “Production technology for amorphous silicon-based flexible solar cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 66, no. 1–4, pp. 107–115, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. Mase, M. Kondo, and A. Matsuda, “Microcrystalline silicon solar cells fabricated on polymer substrate,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 74, no. 1–4, pp. 547–552, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. N. van den Donker, A. Gordijn, H. Stiebig et al., “Flexible amorphous and microcrystalline silicon tandem solar modules in the temporary superstrate concept,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 91, no. 7, pp. 572–580, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Y. Ishikawa and M. B. Schubert, “Flexible protocrystalline silicon solar cells with amorphous buffer layer,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics A, vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 6812–6822, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. T. Söderström, F.-J. Haug, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrix, and C. Ballif, “Optimization of amorphous silicon thin film solar cells for flexible photovoltaics,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 103, no. 11, Article ID 114509, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. K. Rath, M. Brinza, Y. Liu, A. Borreman, and R. E. I. Schropp, “Fabrication of thin film silicon solar cells on plastic substrate by very high frequency PECVD,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 94, no. 9, pp. 1534–1541, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. Tao, D. Zhang, L. Wang et al., “Development of textured back reflector for n-i-p flexible silicon thin film solar cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 709–714, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Limmanee, P. Krudtad, S. Songtrai, C. Piromjit, J. Sritharathikhun, and K. Sriprapha, “ZnO back reflector prepared by MOCVD technique for flexible solar cell applications,” Current Applied Physics, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. S206–S209, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. D. Goldberg, R. B. Brown, D. P. Liu, and M. E. Meyerhoff, “Screen printing: a technology for the batch fabrication of integrated chemical-sensor arrays,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 171–183, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. Vincenzi, M. A. Butturi, V. Guidi et al., “Development of a low-power thick-film gas sensor deposited by screen-printing technique onto a micromachined hotplate,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 77, no. 1-2, pp. 95–99, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Merilampi, T. Laine-Ma, and P. Ruuskanen, “The characterization of electrically conductive silver ink patterns on flexible substrates,” Microelectronics Reliability, vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 782–790, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Böhm, E. Urbanski, A. E. Delahoy, and Z. Kiss, “Screen-printed particulate silicon devices for photovoltaic applications,” Solar Cells, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 155–166, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. Erath, A. Filipović, M. Retzlaff et al., “Advanced screen printing technique for high definition front side metallization of crystalline silicon solar cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 57–61, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. C. Nguyen, K. Takehara, T. Ryo, and S. Ito, “Back contact materials for superstrate CuInS2 solar cells,” Energy Procedia, vol. 10, pp. 49–54, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. K. Hieber, H. Körner, and H. Treichel, “Chemical vapour deposition of oxide and metal films for VLSI applications,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 181, no. 1-2, pp. 75–84, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus