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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2015, Article ID 479178, 12 pages
Research Article

Simple Moving Voltage Average Incremental Conductance MPPT Technique with Direct Control Method under Nonuniform Solar Irradiance Conditions

College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Received 8 October 2015; Accepted 1 December 2015

Academic Editor: Jegadesan Subbiah

Copyright © 2015 Amjad Ali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A new simple moving voltage average (SMVA) technique with fixed step direct control incremental conductance method is introduced to reduce solar photovoltaic voltage () oscillation under nonuniform solar irradiation conditions. To evaluate and validate the performance of the proposed SMVA method in comparison with the conventional fixed step direct control incremental conductance method under extreme conditions, different scenarios were simulated. Simulation results show that in most cases SMVA gives better results with more stability as compared to traditional fixed step direct control INC with faster tracking system along with reduction in sustained oscillations and possesses fast steady state response and robustness. The steady state oscillations are almost eliminated because of extremely small around maximum power (MP), which verify that the proposed method is suitable for standalone PV system under extreme weather conditions not only in terms of bus voltage stability but also in overall system efficiency.