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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 514624, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/514624
Research Article

Technoeconomical Assessment of Optimum Design for Photovoltaic Water Pumping System for Rural Area in Oman

Faculty of Engineering, Sohar University, P.O. Box 44, 311 Sohar, Oman

Received 14 December 2014; Revised 16 March 2015; Accepted 17 March 2015

Academic Editor: Elias Stathatos

Copyright © 2015 Hussein A. Kazem et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Photovoltaic (PV) systems have been used globally for a long time to supply electricity for water pumping system for irrigation. System cost drops down with time since PV technology, efficiency, and design methodology have been improved and cost of wattage drops dramatically in the last decade. In the present paper optimum PV system design for water pumping system has been proposed for Oman. Intuitive and numerical methods were used to design the system. HOMER software as a numerical method was used to design the system to come up with optimum design for Oman. Also, REPS.OM software has been used to find the optimum design based on hourly meteorological data. The daily solar energy in Sohar was found to be 6.182 kWh/m2·day. However, it is found that the system annual yield factor is 2024.66 kWh/kWp. Furthermore, the capacity factor was found to be 23.05%, which is promising. The cost of energy and system capital cost has been compared with that of diesel generator and systems in literature. The comparison shows that the cost of energy is 0.180, 0.309, and 0.790 USD/kWh for PV-REPS.OM, PV-HOMER, and diesel systems, respectively, which sound that PV water pumping systems are promising in Oman.