Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2015, Article ID 872163, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/872163
Research Article

Analytical Modelling of High Concentrator Photovoltaic Modules Based on Atmospheric Parameters

1Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9EZ, UK
2Centro de Investigación en Tecnoloxías da Información (CITIUS), University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela E15782, Spain
3Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Energia y Medio Ambiente (CEAEMA), University of Jaen, Campus las Lagunillas, Jaen 23071, Spain

Received 29 October 2014; Accepted 21 December 2014

Academic Editor: Paolo Fornasiero

Copyright © 2015 Eduardo F. Fernández et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Luque, G. Sala, and I. Luque-Heredia, “Photovoltaic concentration at the onset of its commercial deployment,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 413–428, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Khamooshi, H. Salati, F. Egelioglu, A. Hooshyar Faghiri, J. Tarabishi, and S. Babadi, “A review of solar photovoltaic concentrators,” International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2014, Article ID 958521, 17 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. H. Cotal, C. Fetzer, J. Boisvert et al., “III-V multijunction solar cells for concentrating photovoltaics,” Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 174–192, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. Zubi, J. L. Bernal-Agustín, and G. V. Fracastoro, “High concentration photovoltaic systems applying III-V cells,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 2645–2652, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. W. T. Xie, Y. J. Dai, R. Z. Wang, and K. Sumathy, “Concentrated solar energy applications using Fresnel lenses: a review,” Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 2588–2606, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Victoria, C. Domínguez, I. Antón, and G. Sala, “Comparative analysis of different secondary optical elements for aspheric primary lenses,” Optics Express, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 6487–6492, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Baig, K. C. Heasman, and T. K. Mallick, “Non-uniform illumination in concentrating solar cells,” Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 5890–5909, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Yamaguchi, T. Takamoto, K. Araki, and N. Ekins-Daukes, “Multi-junction III-V solar cells: current status and future potential,” Solar Energy, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 78–85, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. Pérez-Higueras, E. Muñoz, G. Almonacid, and P. G. Vidal, “High concentrator PhotoVoltaics efficiencies: present status and forecast,” Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 1810–1815, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. F. Dimroth, M. Grave, P. Beutel et al., “Wafer bonded four-junction GaInP/GaAs//GaInAsP/GaInAs concentrator solar cells with 44.7% efficiency,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 277–282, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. Ghosal, S. Burroughs, K. Heuser, D. Setz, and E. Garralaga-Rojas, “Performance results from micro-cell based high concentration photovoltaic research development and demonstration systems,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1370–1376, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. Ghosal, D. Lilly, J. Gabriel et al., “Semprius field results and progress in system development,” IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 703–708, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Globaldata, “Concentrated Photovoltaics (CPV)—Global Market Size, Competitive Landscape and Key Country Analysis to 2020, UK,” 2014.
  14. E. F. Fernández, F. Almonacid, P. Rodrigo, and P. Pérez-Higueras, “Model for the prediction of the maximum power of a high concentrator photovoltaic module,” Solar Energy, vol. 97, pp. 12–18, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. F. Fernández, F. Almonacid, J. A. Ruiz-Arias, and A. Soria-Moya, “Analysis of the spectral variations on the performance of high concentrator photovoltaic modules operating under different real climate conditions,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 127, pp. 179–187, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. B. García-Domingo, J. Aguilera, J. de la Casa, and M. Fuentes, “Modelling the influence of atmospheric conditions on the outdoor real performance of a CPV (Concentrated Photovoltaic) module,” Energy, vol. 70, pp. 239–250, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. N. L. A. Chan, T. B. Young, H. E. Brindley et al., “Validation of energy prediction method for a concentrator photovoltaic module in Toyohashi Japan,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1598–1610, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Steiner, G. Siefer, T. Hornung, G. Peharz, and A. W. Bett, “YieldOpt, a model to predict the power output and energy yield for concentrating photovoltaic modules,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Rodrigo, E. F. Fernández, F. Almonacid, and P. J. Pérez-Higueras, “Models for the electrical characterization of high concentration photovoltaic cells and modules: a review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 26, pp. 752–760, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. N. L. A. Chan, H. E. Brindley, and N. J. Ekins-Daukes, “Impact of individual atmospheric parameters on CPV system power, energy yield and cost of energy,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 1080–1095, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Kurtz, M. Muller, D. Jordan et al., “Key parameters in determining energy generated by CPV modules,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. E. F. Fernández, P. Pérez-Higueras, A. J. Garcia Loureiro, and P. G. Vidal, “Outdoor evaluation of concentrator photovoltaic systems modules from different manufacturers: first results and steps,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 693–701, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. R. Osterwald, K. A. Emery, and M. Muller, “Photovoltaic module calibration value versus optical air mass: the air mass function,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 560–573, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. W. E. McMahon, K. E. Emery, D. J. Friedman et al., “Fill factor as a probe of current-matching for GaInP2/GaAs tandem cells in a concentrator system during outdoor operation,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 213–224, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Muller, B. Marion, S. Kurtz, and J. Rodriguez, “An investigation into spectral parameters as they impact CPV module performance,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic, vol. 1277, pp. 307–311, AIP, Freiburg, Germany, April 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. R. Osterwald, “Translation of device performance measurements to reference conditions,” Solar Cells, vol. 18, no. 3-4, pp. 269–279, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. L. Evans, “Simplified method for predicting photovoltaic array output,” Solar Energy, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 555–560, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. E. F. Fernández, F. Almonacid, N. Sarmah et al., “Performance analysis of the lineal model for estimating the maximum power of a HCPV module in different climate conditions,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Concentrator Photovoltaic Systems (CPV '14), vol. 1616, pp. 187–190, Albuquerque, NM, USA, April 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. G. Nofuentes, B. García-Domingo, J. V. Muñoz, and F. Chenlo, “Analysis of the dependence of the spectral factor of some PV technologies on the solar spectrum distribution,” Applied Energy, vol. 113, pp. 302–309, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Alonso-Abella, F. Chenlo, G. Nofuentes, and M. Torres-Ramírez, “Analysis of spectral effects on the energy yield of different PV (photovoltaic) technologies: the case of four specific sites,” Energy, vol. 67, pp. 435–443, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. E. F. Fernández, G. Siefer, F. Almonacid, A. J. G. Loureiro, and P. Pérez-Higueras, “A two subcell equivalent solar cell model for III-V triple junction solar cells under spectrum and temperature variations,” Solar Energy, vol. 92, pp. 221–229, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. Domínguez, I. Antón, and G. Sala, “Multijunction solar cell model for translating I-V characteristics as a function of irradiance, spectrum, and cell temperature,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 272–284, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. G. Siefer and A. W. Bett, “Analysis of temperature coefficients for III-V multi-junction concentrator cells,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 515–524, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. F. Almonacid, P. J. Pérez-Higueras, E. F. Fernández, and P. Rodrigo, “Relation between the cell temperature of a HCPV module and atmospheric parameters,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 105, pp. 322–327, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. E. F. Fernández, F. Almonacid, P. Rodrigo, and P. Pérez-Higueras, “Calculation of the cell temperature of a high concentrator photovoltaic (HCPV) module: a study and comparison of different methods,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 121, pp. 144–151, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. Y. Ota, H. Nagai, K. Araki, and K. Nishioka, “Temperature distribution in 820X CPV module during outdoor operation,” AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1477, pp. 364–367, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  37. E. F. Fernández, P. Rodrigo, F. Almonacid, and P. Pérez-Higueras, “A method for estimating cell temperature at the maximum power point of a HCPV module under actual operating conditions,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 124, pp. 159–165, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. E. Strobach, D. Faiman, S. Kabalo et al., “Modeling a grid-connected concentrator photovoltaic system,” Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. “MODIS Daily Level-3 data,” 2014, http://gdata1.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/daac-bin/G3/gui.cgi?instance_id=MODIS_DAILY_L3.
  40. D. L. King, J. Kratochvil, W. E. Boyson, and W. I. Bower, “Field expererience with a new performance characterization procedure for photovoltaic arrays,” in Proceedings of the 2nd World Conference and Exhibition on Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion, Vienna, Austria, July 1998.
  41. D. L. King, J. A. Kratochvil, and W. E. Boyson, “Measuring solar spectral and angle-of-incidence effects on photovoltaic modules and solar irradiance sensors,” in Proceedings of the IEEE 26th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 1113–1116, Anaheim, Calif, USA, October 1997. View at Scopus
  42. A. H. Fanney, B. P. Dougherty, and M. W. Davis, “Short-term characterization of building integrated photovoltaic panels,” Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, vol. 125, no. 1, pp. 13–20, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. Fanney, M. Davis, B. Dougherty, D. King, W. Boyson, and J. Kratochvil, “Comparison of photovoltaic module performance measurements,” in Proceedings of the International Solar Energy Conference, Orlando, Fla, USA, 2005.
  44. E. F. Fernández and F. Almonacid, “Spectrally corrected direct normal irradiance based on artificial neural networks for high concentrator photovoltaic applications,” Energy, vol. 74, pp. 941–949, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar