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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2736257, 9 pages
Research Article

Ag-Doped TiO2 Nanotube Arrays Composite Film as a Photoanode for Enhancing the Photoelectric Conversion Efficiency in DSSCs

1School of Science, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
2Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, The University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
3Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223, USA

Received 17 June 2016; Accepted 8 August 2016

Academic Editor: Minlin Jiang

Copyright © 2016 Jinghua Hu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A Ag-doped double-layer composite film with TiO2 nanoparticles (P25) as the underlayer and TiO2 nanotube (TNT) arrays with the Ag-doped nanoparticles as the overlayer was fabricated as the photoanode in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Five different concentrations of Ag-doped TNT arrays photoelectrode were compared with the pure TNT arrays composite photoelectrode. It is found that the photoelectric conversion efficiency of the TNT arrays composite photoanode is gradually improved from 3.00% of the pure TNT arrays composite photoanode to 6.12% of the Ag-doped TNT arrays photoanode with the increasing of the doping concentration, reaching up to the maximum in the 0.04 mol/L AgNO3 solution, and then slightly decreased to 5.43% after continuing to increase the doping concentration. The reason is mainly that the cluster structure of the Ag nanoparticles with large surface area contributes to dye adsorption and the Surface Plasmon Resonance Effect of the Ag nanoparticles improved the photocatalytic ability of the TNT arrays film.