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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2016, Article ID 8471960, 7 pages
Research Article

Laboratory and Pilot-Plant Scale Photocatalytic Degradation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Seawater Using CM-n-TiO2 Nanoparticles

1Marine Chemistry Department, Faculty of Marine Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80207, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
2National Institute of Oceanography & Fisheries, P.O. Box 4053, Qaitbay, Alexandria 21556, Egypt
3Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA 15282, USA

Received 23 January 2016; Accepted 11 April 2016

Academic Editor: Lei Zhang

Copyright © 2016 Yasser A. Shaban et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Photocatalytic degradation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in seawater was successfully achieved at laboratory level with UV light and at pilot-plant scale under natural solar radiation using carbon-modified titanium oxide (CM-n-TiO2) nanoparticles. The photocatalytic performance of CM-n-TiO2 was comparatively evaluated with reference n-TiO2 under identical conditions. As a result of carbon incorporation, significant enhancement of photodegradation efficiency using CM-n-TiO2 was clearly observed. To optimize the operating parameters, the effects of catalyst loading and pH of the solution on the photodegradation rate of PCBs were investigated. The best degradation rate was obtained at pH 5 and CM-n-TiO2 loading of 0.5 g L−1. The photodegradation results fitted the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model and obeyed pseudo-first-order reaction kinetics.