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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 2017, Article ID 1656512, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1656512
Review Article

A Review of Organic Photovoltaic Energy Source and Its Technological Designs

Physics Department, Materials Science and Solar Energy Laboratory, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35063, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Correspondence should be addressed to Egidius Rutatizibwa Rwenyagila; ku.oc.oohay@aturidige

Received 14 March 2017; Revised 3 August 2017; Accepted 14 September 2017; Published 29 October 2017

Academic Editor: Věra Cimrová

Copyright © 2017 Egidius Rutatizibwa Rwenyagila. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study reviews and describes some of the existing research and mechanisms of operation of organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells. Introduced first are problems that exist with traditional fossil fuels that result in most of the world energy challenges such as environmental pollution. This is followed by the description of baseline organic solar cell (OSC) structures and materials. Then, some of the existing modelling approaches that have implemented either a one- or a two-dimensional drift-diffusion model to examine OSC structures are reviewed, and their reproducibility is examined. Both experimental and modelling approaches reviewed are particularly important for more and better designed research to probe practical procedural problems associated with OSCs that hinder the commercialization of OPV technology.