Table 5: Electrical and optical properties of semitransparent BIPV: case studies from different locations.

LocationDescriptionResultsReference

BrazilThe energy-saving potential of semitransparent PV windows was investigated.30% of the total HVAC was saved using daylight.
18%-59% of NEB was achieved.
[29, 91]
BrazilSemitransparent photovoltaic panels in windows were evaluated.The reduction in the final energy consumption ranged from 19% to 43%.[90]
CanadaPotential benefits of semitransparent photovoltaic windows were evaluated by simulation.The STPV module with 10% visible effective transmittance resulted in the lower electricity consumption of 5 kWh/m2/yr.[89]
IndiaThe three semitransparent BIPV on power and optical properties were evaluated.The values of VLT for the three PV modules were in the 7.09%–23.49% range, and power generation and efficiency increased by around 0.01–0.13%.[92]
ItalyA comparison of BIPV facade semitransparent modules for the human comfort conditions was conducted.A room with semitransparent PV performs better than that with a-Si PV module.[93]
SpainImpacts of optical characteristics on the energy performance of semitransparent PV windows were investigated.Net energy savings of 3.0–8.7% were achieved.[78]
SpainEnergy performance of the WWR of five STPV elements was evaluated.Energy saving potential ranges between 18% and 59% compared to the normal glass.[91]
SingaporePerformance of semitransparent BIPV windows in a tropical climate was conducted.The NEBs vary from 1.79 to 23.26 kWh/m2/yr and increase steadily with the increase in WWR.[72]