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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2010, Article ID 153780, 11 pages
Research Article

Developmental Changes in Hemodynamic Responses and Cardiovagal Modulation during Isometric Handgrip Exercise

1Department of Exercise Science, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA
2Department of Physiology, Medical College of Georgia, 1120 15th Street, CA-3149, Augusta, GA 30912-3000, USA
3Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Champaign, IL 61801, USA
4Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA

Received 16 January 2010; Accepted 24 June 2010

Academic Editor: Mutasim Abu-Hasan

Copyright © 2010 Styliani Goulopoulou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study was to examine differences in pressor response and cardiovagal modulation during isometric handgrip exercise (IHG) between children and adults. Beat-to-beat heart rate (HR) and blood pressure were measured in 23 prepubertal children and 23 adults at baseline and during IHG. Cardiovagal modulation was quantified by analysis of HR variability. Mean arterial pressure responses to IHG were greater in adults compared to children ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ) whereas there were no group differences in HR responses ( 𝑃 > . 0 5 ). Children had a greater reduction in cardiovagal modulation in response to IHG compared to adults ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ). Changes in mean arterial pressure during IHG were correlated with baseline cardiovagal modulation and force produced during isometric contraction ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ). In conclusion, differences in pressor reflex response between children and adults cannot be solely explained by differences in autonomic modulation and appear to be associated with factors contributing to the force produced during isometric contraction.