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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2010, Article ID 639048, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/639048
Review Article

Sleep Health Issues for Children with FASD: Clinical Considerations

1Pediatric Neurology and Developmental Pediatrics, Child and Family Research Institute and BC Children's Hospital, University of British Columbia, 4500 Oak Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6H 3N1
2Pediatrics, Asante Centre for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, University of British Columbia, Maple Ridge, BC, Canada V2X 3C1
3Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology and Special Education, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 2Z4
4Associate Pediatrics, University of British Columbia and BC Children's Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6H 3N1
5Child Health, Chelsea and Westminster Campus, Imperial College, SW7 2AZ London, UK
6Developmental Pediatrics, University of British Columbia and Sunny Hill Health Centre for Children, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 3E8
7BC Children's Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6H 3V4
8Research Administration and Development, Fraser Health Authority, Surrey, BC, Canada V3R 7P8

Received 7 March 2010; Revised 8 May 2010; Accepted 10 June 2010

Academic Editor: Myron Genel

Copyright © 2010 James E. Jan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This article describes the combined clinical experience of a multidisciplinary group of professionals on the sleep disturbances of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) focusing on sleep hygiene interventions. Such practical and comprehensive information is not available in the literature. Severe, persistent sleep difficulties are frequently associated with this condition but few health professionals are familiar with both FASD and sleep disorders. The sleep promotion techniques used for typical children are less suitable for children with FASD who need individually designed interventions. The types, causes, and adverse effects of sleep disorders, the modification of environment, scheduling and preparation for sleep, and sleep health for their caregivers are discussed. It is our hope that parents and also researchers, who are interested in the sleep disorders of children with FASD, will benefit from this presentation and that this discussion will stimulate much needed evidence-based research.