Table 3: Means (standard deviations) for parents’ reports of the frequency of their corporal punishment use in last year.

Spank, slap, or hitGrab or shake
MotherFatherParent gender F DaughterSonChild gender MotherFatherParent gender DaughterSonChild gender

China
Colombia
Italy
Jordan
Kenya
Philippines
Sweden
Thailand
U.S.A.


Note. Values are means, standard deviations, and F-tests from repeated measures analyses of variance with parent gender as the within-subjects factor and child gender as the between-subjects factor. Significant Parent Gender X Child Gender interactions for spanking, slapping, or hitting in Colombia and Kenya are described in the text. Frequency of corporal punishment was rated as , , .