Table 5: Means (standard deviations) for comparisons of parents’ and children’s reports of the frequency of parents’ corporal punishment use in last year.

Spank, slap, or hitGrab or shake
MotherChildtFatherChildtMotherChildtFatherChild

China
Colombia
Italy
Jordan
Kenya
Philippines  
Sweden
Thailand
U.S.A.


Note. Values are means, standard deviations, and paired samples t-tests. Frequency of corporal punishment was rated as 1 never, 2 less than once a month, 3 about once a month, 4 about once a week, and 5 almost every day.