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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2010, Article ID 767318, 7 pages
Clinical Study

Nutritional Status of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot Study

1Food Nutrition and Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4
2Division of Child Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 2A1
3Children's and Women's Health Centre of British Columbia, P.O. Box 178, P2-229, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6H 3N1
4Oncology Nutrition, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC, Canada
5Fraser Health Authority, British Columbia, BC, Canada

Received 19 November 2009; Revised 4 February 2010; Accepted 5 May 2010

Academic Editor: Steven E. Lipshultz

Copyright © 2010 Joy Y. Kiddie et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objectives. This is a pilot study of the dietary intake and nutrient status of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Method. Nutritional assessment of 43 children aged 6–12 with ADHD was performed using a 3-day food record, 24-hour recall, and serum assessors. Results. Macronutrient intake and consumption of Low-Nutrient Foods were comparable to population norms; however, 66% were found to be deficient in zinc and 23% in copper. Conclusions. This pilot study reports the food intake and nutrient status of children with ADHD and shows a predisposition for low zinc and copper status in ADHD.