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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 785649, 9 pages
Research Article

Dietary Intake and Physical Activity of Normal Weight and Overweight/Obese Adolescents

1National Institute for Food and Nutrition Research, Via Ardeatina, 546, 00178 Rome, Italy
2Department of Prevention—Nutrition Unit, Local Health Authority RMB, Via B. Bardanzellu, 8, 00155 Rome, Italy
3Institute of Social Affairs, Via P. S. Mancini, 28, 00196 Rome, Italy
4Study Group of Pediatrics Hypertension, Via P. S. Mancini, 28, 00196 Rome, Italy

Received 9 December 2009; Accepted 28 March 2010

Academic Editor: Mutasim Abu-Hasan

Copyright © 2010 Dina D'Addesa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Purpose. To evaluate the relationship between overweight/obesity and dietary/lifestyle factors among Italian adolescents. Methods. On a total of 756 adolescents with mean age 1 2 . 4 ± 0 . 9 , body mass index, food consumption, and time dedicated to after school physical activities and to TV viewing were determined. The data were analysed according to age, nutritional status, and gender. The analysis of variance and multiple logistic regression analysis were performed to investigate the association between dietary/lifestyle factors and overweight/obesity. Results. The percentages of overweight and obesity were, respectively, 28% and 9% among boys, 24% and 7% among girls. The overweight/obesity condition in both genders was associated with parental overweight/obesity ( 𝑃 < . 0 0 1 for mother), less time devoted to physical activity ( 𝑃 < . 0 0 1 for boys and 𝑃 < . 0 2 for girls) and being on a diet ( 𝑃 < . 0 0 1 ). Direct associations were also observed between BMI and skipping breakfast and the lower number of meals a day (boys only). Conclusions. This pilot study reveals some important dietary and lifestyle behaviour trends among adolescents that assist with identification of specific preventive health actions.