International Journal of Pediatrics / 2010 / Article / Tab 8

Clinical Study

The Quality of Life of a Multidiagnosis Group of Special Needs Children: Associations and Costs

Table 8

Mean 6-month cost of child use of Health and Social Services by Psychosocial Quality of Life.

Psychosocial ProblemsTest Statistic: Kruskal
3 ( ) 3 ( )Wallis Test
MeanS.D.MeanS.D.χ 2

Direct Costs

Primary Care Provider visits
(a) Family Physician/Walk in Clinic (Primary care)70.22101.7965.48104.911.206.272
(b) Emergency Room visits52.6143.869.82156.172.235.135
(c) 911 calls0.131.760.553.552.065.151
(d) Ambulance Service1.3718.147.56423.345.067

Primary Care Provider Services124.32193.84143.41219.110.005.946

Physician Specialist visits
(e) Adolescent Medicine Allergist0.9512.620.886.940.887.346
(f) Cardiologist2.4313.64.5529.980.433.51
(g) Dermatologist0.413.810.142.240.835.361
(h) Ears/Nose/Throat Specialist9.7525.948.2120.10.119.73
(i) Endocrinologist2.315.913.4320.80.287.592
(j) Gastroentologist3.1218.731.210.040.86.354
(m) Hematologist or Oncologist000.223.490.689.407
(n) Nephrologist2.7821.423.5927.580.091.763
(o) Neurosurgeon Orthopedics/Neurologist3.0717.350.535.943.967.046
(p) Ophthalmologist20.8365.722.9663.430.819.366
(q) Pediatrician8.2729.5213.2430.746.221.013
(r) Psychiatrist61.55105.3490.49349.020.436.509
(s) Respirologist17.73124.544.7433.673.238.072
(t) Rheumatologist2.4318.835.7439.652.183.14
(u) Rehabilitation Doctor7.6492.040.9615.251.945.163
(v) Surgeon (general, dental)0.364.71001.451.228
(w) Surgeon (orthopedic)1.7710.971.3910.30.106.745
(x) Surgeon (neurological)4.1222.386.8929.572.112.146
(y) Other health professional visit cost0.699.191.4413.150.895.344

Physician Specialist cost59.11171.0648.68147.850.029.866

Other Health and/or Social services providers
(a) Physiotherapist221.09633.74431.511028.19.94.002
(b) Massage Therapist29.37239.6810.2118.610.993.319
(c) Occupational Therapist485.351197.5436.86997.590.029.865
(d) Speech Language Pathologist606.551313.6427.56822.960.007.933
(e) Chiropractor32.67165.834.1930.447.505.006
(f) Psychologist61.81307.1521.7594.680.832.362
(g) Podiatrist/Chiropodist7.7745.814.3554.583.584.058
(h) Nutritionist/Dietician14.4773.7241.19167.534.267.039
(i) Nurse Practitioner10.02132.493.8237.441.44.23
(j) Visiting Nurses (Home Care/PHN/VON/SEN)254.032541.4438.73615.21.686.194
(k) Private Nurse00279.214123.71.381.24
(l) Optometrist36.91176.3518.3342.882.881.09
(m) Dentist141157.77118.85137.633.835.05
(n) Social Worker39.39279.1922.25101.950.234.628
(o) Children’s Aid Worker2.0119.0816.3213.980.002.961
(p) Adolescence/School Counselor6.8461.15004.375.036
(q) Family Counselor16.76142.551.8124.962.771.096
(r) Mental Health Counselor29.87273.421.6125.731.958.162
(s) Homemaker/Personal Support Worker256.351549.7991.017655.13.943.047
(t) Child/Daycare389.221467.4706.493476.41.623.203
(u) Subsidized Daycare38.73425.7352.78396.890.873.35
(v) Naturopath/Homeopath8.145.576.4840.111.016.313
(w) Complementary Therapy0.545.421.26211.770.152.697
(aa) Police1.3714.32002.91.088
(dd) Social and Recreation Programs316.35876.32233.28533.161.424.233
(ee) Community Support Programs8.83108.0514.41129.080.137.711
(ff) Special Education Services1226.21448.1995.431362.82.34.126
(gg) Other Special Education Supports140.37391.31145.7657.270.312.576
(hh) Others Social and Health providers1264.75597.9758.452663.10.512.474

Other Health and Social providers5646.68389.66203.8116400.032.857

Community Support Services
(a) Groups/Peer Support0.372.84005.847.016
(c) Transportation Services11.4345.5912.246.450.22.639
Other community Support Services42.2174.6629.46126.150.057.811

Total Community Support Services54178.0541.65131.720.031.861

Outpatient lab tests
(a) Blood20.4775.7416.3944.150.137.711
(b) Specimens5.1431.633.4212.710.152.697
(c) Scopes000.619.740.689.407
(d) X-rays5.3815.498.0127.670.061.805
(e) Scans6.7729.367.1830.570.055.814
(f) Breathing tests0.825.950.975.370.857.355
(g) ECG0.794.430.624.270.421.516
(h) EEG2.9414.061.358.691.618.203
(i) EMG001.213.541.381.24
(l) Other outpatient tests14.7752.5415.1359.080.017.896

Outpatient laboratory tests57.09160.6654.88105.60.258.611

Medications, treatments and Supplies/Aids
Medication490.111927.5338963.520.127.721
Treatment costs total23.71183.61115.521714.90.032.859
Supply and device cost342.611329.51100.570902.299.129

Medication, treatments, supplies, device, aids856.432440.715547536.40.003.956

Direct Costs excluding Hospital stay, Day surgery
Direct Costs excluding Hospital6947.892818217145420.019.891

Hospital, Day surgery facility
Hospital Cost333.132273.4359.241950.30.719.397
Day Surgery Facility Stay cost11.4351.2616.5455.191.505.22
Respite475.371642.4425.5716100.338.561

Direct Costs including Hospital stay, Day surgery
Total Direct Costs including Hospital/respite7767.79817.29018.4149920.175.676

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