International Journal of Pediatrics / 2011 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Aquatic Exercise Programs for Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy: What Do We Know and Where Do We Go?

Table 2

Summary of findings of the selected intervention studies (population, intervention, and control).

Study
First authorFragala-PinkhamThorpeFragala-PinkhamRetarekarBallazKelly
Year200820052009200920102009
Reference no.[7][9][10][11][17][18]

Population
Number16 (2 CP)74 (2 CP)1125
Age range (in years)6–127–132–19514–219–11
CP subtypeSpasticSpasticSpasticSpasticSpasticSpastic
Limb distributionHemiplegia
Diplegia
Hemiplegia
Diplegia
Hemiplegia
Diplegia
DiplegiaHemiplegia
Diplegia
Quadriplegia
Hemiplegia
Diplegia
Quadriplegia
GMFCS levelI, III, II, IIIIIIII, II, III, IVI, II, III
Other diagnosisDevelopmental disabilitiesJuvenile Idopathic Arthritis and Prader-Willi Syndrome

Intervention
AerobicYesYesYesYesYesYes
AnaerobicYesYesYes
StrengthYesYesYes
OtherYesYesYes
Duration14 weeks10 weeks6 weeks–8 months12 weeks10 weeks12 weeks
Session45 minutes45 minutes30 minutes45 minutes60 minutes
Frequency2 × week3 × week1-2 × week3 × week2 × week3 × week

Control
DesignABABAABABAABAABA
AnalysisGroupIndividualIndividualIndividualIndividual/groupIndividual

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