International Journal of Pediatrics / 2011 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Bacterial Isolates and Antibiotic Sensitivity among Gambian Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition

Table 1

Characteristics of 140 children aged 6–59 months with severe acute malnutrition admitted to the paediatric ward MRC hospital, The Gambia, January 2007 and November 2008.

CharacteristicParticipantsa ( 𝑛 = 1 4 0 )

Female65 (46.4%)
Median (IQR) age (months)19.1 (13.3–24.2)
 <12 months27 (19.3%)
 ≥12 months113 (80.7%)
Died8 (5.7%)
History of cough90 (64.3%)
 Chronic cough15/85 (17.7%)
History of diarrhea97 (69.3%)
 Persistent diarrhea37/94 (39.4%)
History of fever128 (91.4%)
History of vomiting85 (60.7%)
Dyspnoea16 (11.4%)
Hepatomegaly62 (44.3%)
Splenomegaly5 (3.6%)
Anaemia (Hb <8 g/dL)31 (22.1%)
HIV positive27/94 (28.7%)
Malaria parasitaemia5/127 (3.9%)
Positive blood culture38 (27.1%)
Positive urine culture16/97 (16.5%)
Tachycardiab26/136 (19.1%)
Tachypnoeac28/131 (21.4%)
Axillary temperature ≥37.5°C32/137 (23.4%)
White blood cell count <4 × 109/L3(2.2%)
White blood cell count ≥11 × 109/L83 (60.6%)

aDenominators less than 140 indicate missing data.
bPulse rate ≥160 beats per minute in children below 12 months of age and a rate ≥140 in children aged 12–59 months.
cRespiratory rate ≥50 breaths per minute in children below 12 months and ≥40 in children aged 12–59 months.

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