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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2012, Article ID 573942, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/573942
Review Article

Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Children

Department of Otolaryngology, West Virginia University, P.O. Box 9200, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA

Received 6 July 2011; Accepted 7 August 2011

Academic Editor: Alan T. L. Cheng

Copyright © 2012 Hassan H. Ramadan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Rhinosinusitis is a very common disease worldwide and specifically in the US population. It is a common disease in children but may be underdiagnosed. Several reasons may account to the disease being missed in children. The symptoms in children are limited and can be very similar to the common cold or allergic symptoms. Cough and nasal discharge may be the only symptoms present in children. A high index of suspicion is necessary to make the diagnosis of rhinosinusitis in these children. The majority of those children are treated medically. Only a few number will require surgical intervention when medical treatment fails. Complications of rhinosinusitis, even though rare, can carry a high morbidity and mortality rate.