International Journal of Pediatrics / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Evaluation of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Risk Factors

Table 3

Neonatal and childhood related risk factors for ADHD among case and control groups.

GroupNumber (%)OR (95% CI) value

Asthma ADHD20 (9.7%)NS
Control17 (8.6%)
Epilepsy ADHD13 (6.3%)0.001
Control1 (0.5%)
Dysentery ADHD5 (2.4%)NS
Control3 (1.5%)
Childhood head trauma ADHD44 (21.3%)4.4 (0.000–1000)<0.0001
Control2 (1%)
Thyroid disease ADHD2 (1%)NS
Control0 (0%)
Hyperbilirubinemia ADHD101 (48.8%)NS
Control81 (40.9%)
Low birth weightADHD16 (7.8%)NS
Control24 (12.1%)

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