Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2014, Article ID 608657, 8 pages
Research Article

Validation of the Breastfeeding Experience Scale in a Sample of Iranian Mothers

1Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar 9613873136, Iran
2Research Center of Psychiatry, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan 4918936316, Iran
3School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj 7591741418, Iran
4Center for Health Related Social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud 3614773955, Iran

Received 20 February 2014; Revised 26 April 2014; Accepted 26 April 2014; Published 19 May 2014

Academic Editor: Namık Yaşar Özbek

Copyright © 2014 Forough Mortazavi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objectives. The aim of this study was to validate the breastfeeding experience scale (BES) in a sample of Iranian mothers. Methods. After translation and back translation of the BES, an expert panel evaluated the items by assessing the content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI). 347 of mothers visiting health centers completed the Farsi version of the BES in the first month postpartum. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were performed to indicate the scale constructs. Reliability was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Results. CVR and CVI scores for the BES were 0.96 and 0.87, respectively. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the BES was 0.83. The results of the EFA revealed a new 5-factor model. The results of the CFA for the BES indicated a marginally acceptable fit for the proposed model and acceptable fit for the new model (RMSEA = 0.064, SRMR = 0.064, /df = 2.4, and CFI = 0.95). Mothers who were exclusively breastfeeding at the first month postpartum had less breastfeeding difficulties score (30.3 ± 7.6) than mothers who were on partial breastfeeding (36.7 ± 11.3) ( ). Conclusions. The Farsi version of the BES is a reliable and valid instrument to assess postpartum breastfeeding difficulties in Iranian mothers.