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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2015, Article ID 817540, 5 pages
Research Article

High Risk Infants Follow-Up: A Case Study in Iran

1Pediatric Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 5166615739, Iran
2Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Deputy of Public Health, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
4Tabriz Health Services Management Research Centre, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 5166615739, Iran

Received 25 April 2015; Revised 19 May 2015; Accepted 20 May 2015

Academic Editor: Tonse N. K. Raju

Copyright © 2015 Mohammad Heidarzadeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. A follow-up program for high risk infants was initiated in Alzahra Maternity Hospital in Tabriz city, Iran, in 2013. The aim of this paper is to give a brief report of the program. Material and Methods. Two groups of high risk neonates were studied. The first group comprising 509 infants received services in Alzahra Maternity Hospital implemented by the follow-up program. This included a full package for family to look after high risk infant and periodic clinical evaluation at two and four weeks after birth and then two, three, four, five, and six months later again. The second group including 131 infants in Taleqani Maternity Hospital received routine services after birth with no specific follow-up care. Results. Some anthropometric indices showed a significant improvement in the intervention hospital compared to control group. These included the following: head circumference at first and second months; weight in the first, fourth, fifth, and sixth months; and height in sixth month only. Clinical evaluation of infants showed an improvement for some of the medical conditions. Conclusion. Follow-up care program for a minimum of six months after discharge from maternity hospitals may help to avoid adverse and life threatening consequences in high risk infants.