International Journal of Pediatrics / 2019 / Article / Tab 3

Review Article

Current Cigarette Smoking and Its Predictors among School-Going Adolescents in East Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Table 3

Associated factors of current cigarette smoking among school adolescents in East Africa.

Sr. No. Sociodemographic related factorsAssociated factors

1Sex of studentsMale had higher odds of smoking compared to female
2Age of studentsHigher age was found to be a significant predictor of smoking
3Peer influenceHaving peer friends who smoke cigarette was found to be a significant predictor of smoking
4Perception of risk of smokingHarmful perception about risk of smoking was negatively associated with smoking cigarette
5Family’s substance useHistory of substance use among family was positive associated factor with cigarette smoking of adolescent
6Sibling’s substance useSibling’s substance use was a significant predictor of substance use
7Owning an item with a cigarette brand logCurrent cigarette smokers were more likely to have an item with a cigarette logo compared to cigarette nonsmokers, OR 2.0 (95% CI: 1.1-3.5).
8Exposure to movie with actors smokingAdolescents who were exposed to movies whose actors are smokers were seen 2.8 times more likely to use tobacco (AOR = 2.84, 95% CI 1.703–11.116)
9Exposure to antismoking media messageAdolescents who were not exposed to antismoking media messages on television, radio, newspaper or magazines were seen more likely to use tobacco than those who were exposed (AOR = 4.43, 95% CI 1.838–7.13)