International Journal of Pediatrics / 2020 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Child Night Blindness and Bitot’s Spots Are Public Health Problems in Lay Armachiho District, Central Gondar Zone, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Table 6

Results of bivariate and multivariable logistic regression of night blindness among children aged 24-59 months in Lay Armachiho District, Central Gondar Zone, northwest Ethiopia, 2019.

VariablesNight blindnessCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Yes (%)No (%)

Mother’s educational statusIlliterate16 (1.49%)620 (61.66%)3.17 (1.17, 7.69)2.94 (1.12, 6.72)
Literate3 (0.39%)368 (36.44%)1.001.00
Father’s educational statusIlliterate15 (1.49%)617 (61.27%)2.25 (0.74, 6.85)2.07 (0.67, 6.42)
Literate4 (0.39%)371 (36.84%)1.001.00
Age of child (in months)24-351 (0.09%)294 (29.19%)1.001.00
36-476 (0.59%)322 (31.98%)5.48 (0.66, 45.77)4.6 (0.53, 39.70)
48-5912 (1.19%)372 (36.94%)9.48 (1.23, 73.35)9.81 (1.24, 77.36)
Sex of childFemale11 (1.09%)488 (48.46%)1.41 (0.56, 3.53)1.66 (0.18, 15.46)
Male8 (0.80%)500 (49.65%)1.001.00
Family size≥417 (1.69%)631 (62.66%)4.81 (1.11, 20.93)4.52 (1.02, 19.90)
<42 (0.19%)57 (35.45%)1.001.00
Latrine availabilityYes7 (0.69%)210 (20.85%)1.001.00
No12 (1.19%)78 (77.26%)2.16 (0.84, 5.55)1.98 (0.75, 5.25)
Diarrhea in the last 2 weeksYes6 (0.59%)66 (6.55%)6.45 (2.34, 17.22)5.00 (1.73, 14.54)
No13 (1.29%)922 (91.55%)1.001.00
Respiratory infection in the last 2 weeksYes(0.39%)78 (7.74%)3.11 (1.06, 10.17)3.29 (1.07, 9.70)
No15 (1.49%)910 (90.37%)1.001.00

Statistically significant ( value < 0.05); unmarked = not significant.