International Journal of Pediatrics / 2020 / Article / Tab 7

Research Article

Child Night Blindness and Bitot’s Spots Are Public Health Problems in Lay Armachiho District, Central Gondar Zone, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Table 7

Results of bivariate and multivariable logistic regression of Bitot’s spot among children aged 24-59 months in Lay Armachiho District, Central Gondar Zone, northwest Ethiopia, 2019.

VariablesBitot’s spotCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Yes (%)No (%)

Age of child (in months)24-353 (0.29%)292 (28.99%)1.001.00
36-474 (0.39%)324 (32.17%)1.20 (0.27, 5.41)1.21 (0.27, 5.47)
48-5915 (1.58%)368 (36.54%)3.96 (1.14, 13.79)4.23 (1.13, 14.86)
Sex of the childMale15 (1.48%)493 (48.95%)2.14 (0.86, 5.27)2.20 (0.89, 5.48)
Female7 (0.69%)492 (48.86%)1.001.00
Family size≥418 (1.78%)630 (62.56%)2.54 (0.85, 7.55)2.34 (0.77, 7.04)
<44 (0.39%)355 (35.25%)1.001.00
Mother’s educational statusIlliterate17 (1.69%)619 (61.47%)2.01 (0.74, 5.49)1.85 (0.67, 5.14)
Literate5 (0.49%)366 (36.35%)1.001.00
Handwashing practice after using the toiletNo18 (1.79%)570 (56.60%)3.28 (1.10, 9.75)3.02 (1.01, 9.13)
Yes4 (0.39%)415 (41.21%)1.001.00
DietaryAdequate6 (0.59%)131 (13.00%)1.001.00
DiversityInadequate16 (1.59%)854 (84.81%)2.44 (0.94, 6.36)2.18 (0.82, 5.81)

Statistically significant ( value < 0.05); unmarked = not significant.