International Journal of Pediatrics / 2020 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Injury Patterns and Demographics in Child and Adolescent Assault Victims Presenting to US Emergency Departments

Table 3

Demographics by major diagnoses.

ConcussionContusion/abrasionFractureLacerationInternal organPunctureStrain/sprain value
L95%U95%%L95%U95%%L95%U95%%L95%U95%%L95%U95%%L95%U95%%L95%U95%%

(years)<10-4
Age group (years)<10-4
 ≤4215212591,0480.42,59386,94869,164108,8536.087419,63513,19729,0133.949116,55013,41420,4632.277422,31316,89429,3004.4693,4501,4667,9322.94,886129,464102,769161,71414.3
 5 to 91414,0521,1132,4073.13,037120,383105,934136,5768.350615,80412,08920,6013.11,03036,39730,39143,5784.873526,13020,92932,5785.21185,7932,45213,1714.84,101111,05698,876124,50012.3
 10 to 1497732,38628,65336,43125.08,513382,981344,797423,73726.22,983119,891109,051131,46523.83,170123,542113,531134,52416.32,898118,838107,770130,66523.639515,92811,66921,43913.36,020199,344184,713214,86422.0
 15 to 192,05592,45987,78496,80571.416,556868,838823,252913,28259.57,080348,368336,168360,09469.211,961580,629566,895594,70976.66,882337,023323,713349,83666.82,46895,00580,830105,03479.110,595465,591430,544500,44551.4
Sex
 Male2,20988,86385,45892,11868.617,187817,807799,437836,06756.09,003404,347397,859410,52280.112,584584,098574,357593,54377.07,258330,499319,044341,59165.42,49395,85585,385104,03278.18,676321,102278,833365,97435.4<10-4
 Female99240,71737,46244,12231.413,521641,552623,293659,92344.02,463100,16693,991106,65419.94,107174,229164,784183,97023.04,056175,037163,945186,49234.662226,82418,64737,29421.916,973585,673540,801627,94264.6
Race
 White1,05061,21349,56071,95559.18,050509,297323,501714,23442.63,268191,941134,381250,85048.03,571217,560129,901324,84535.33,133181,413118,947244,97248.732715,0938,83724,49716.17,541335,598224,197451,09947.1<10-4
 Black1,05525,42316,71336,74924.612,568432,994338,667537,01936.34,202131,40599,596167,72732.97,469258,985205,292315,97642.03,257107,10776,181144,50228.81,60651,09031,86468,96154.69,629250,810183,117328,00135.2
 Amerindian34815,3529,26224,41314.84,082238,734110,819452,71020.01,43473,73838,143130,54318.42,241132,63665,844237,81321.51,53780,80982,477141,44721.739126,79513,06846,59828.62,771121,80362,083219,56917.1
 Asian321,5007043,1561.424113,1466,32927,3471.1682,7411,3995,3580.71346,7563,38813,3041.1833,1951,7145,9600.9156303001,3200.71193,7512,2786,0520.5
Reason
 Altercation84831,99028,08036,25624.78,723433,742401,212467,76429.74,422200,255181,833219,04739.76,014267,732243,181293,31935.32,797117,918108,136128,30723.351722,38916,40229,93418.33,875168,912146,004194,52018.6<10-4
 Robbery/burglary521,3619071,9441.134115,70111,09222,0381.11525,9104,2868,1181.230714,7709,93721,8451.91887,8105,46011,1731.5672,3351,7793,0551.91425,4643,9907,4360.6
 Sexual assault4109265180.143414,98810,50821,4541.0195422521,1600.11114,3972,5797,5090.6246853541,2640.13104254910.114,212432,545364,102501,94447.7
 Other specified341,0505052,1640.81,18539,25732,10947,8712.73,3349,6207,00913,1111.91807,5235,9929,4061.02428,2476,9269,8081.61265,2252,7609,6924.348014,01411,15417,5931.5
 Unknown2,25394,48389,47599,07772.919,984954,054918,015988,94665.46,512287,307269,977304,01457.010,038461,959438,196484,99760.98,031369,375357,471380,62573.12,37491,29485,83896,19374.46,924285,213236,054339,34531.5
Perpetrator
 Spouse/partner763,7032,7864,8982.91,33675,15364,65587,2775.12,22111,3509,17713,9682.345522,29918,66026,5482.936518,71015,82422,0923.7573,2652,3064,6002.767133,65128,38539,9023.7<10-4
 Parent873,6392,7994,7172.83,704146,722125,661170,76010.144614,69611,85018,1532.952620,38417,67323,5142.764124,27319,86829,5744.8351,5679202,6621.32,62077,86067,37989,7798.6
 Other relative1164,9483,4996,9583.82,05598,01786,255111,2136.765625,95322,38930,0035.11,49059,88853,02067,5847.960623,63020,27227,5024.7993,9092,1107,1403.23,542100,25189,235112,35911.1
 Friend/acquaintance86932,35529,28535,63525.06,835324,462308,681340,78922.22,23297,43987,891107,65819.33,143135,055117,798154,20717.82,477112,084101,766123,15122.235016,4009,38527,38213.46,678222,728206,400239,86324.6
 Multiple81628,52824,23133,35422.05,142232,283184,625289,41515.91,54862,27056,93080,07512.32,210101,72975,852134,63713.42,782114,15099,390130,43122.61848,1926,7849,8766.72,54822,85779,53198,0312.5
 Stranger752,2431,6972,9541.746420,54316,63825,2491.429411,3928,42115,3292.350622,97819,03927,6863.028413,02410,41416,3292.644515,21210,08422,42612.480627,50919,95137,7253.0
 Other specified7180655050.157631,20727,00036,0492.11,03046,84341,85352,2919.320310,1458,19212,5911.3321,4761,0112,1740.3221,6347612,4291.342719,33115,68923,7602.1
 Unknown1,15453,97548,95559,14041.710,408525,182474,478578,10136.05,002228,203215,366240,88145.38,147385,365363,027407,70450.84,095197,224181,541213,34039.01,91772,66460,41984,04759.28,178331,872302,980361,92636.6
Incident locale
 Unknown97337,54027,92448,86529.010,090486,378396,979584,66933.34,781206,266168,773245,77240.96,703303,689238,023374,48140.04,403205,820163,797250,70040.71,00941,07728,17956,35933.58,684334,006281,306390,08436.8<10-4
 Home40418,58115,55022,08014.38,040360,952300,799428,65024.72,01883,88969,133100,95116.63,071139,087109,378174,68718.31,90973,12256,72293,22214.545420,01816,72123,82416.310,299312,898265,981363,46734.5
 School/sports1,07040,06036,69743,57830.96,756327,984297,589360,49222.52,387108,05696,161120,86921.42,871127,793109,758148,13916.82,669119,812106,771133,91923.729714,4007,55726,03211.73,114122,514109,004137,38913.5
 Street32616,99310,58726,40813.12,660142,20899,245200,9719.71,04549,31732,87772,6129.82,00597,38267,356139,26412.888043,00628,00764,9638.51,01632,16419,66548,83926.21,53557,78837,63487,6936.4
 Other property42816,40713,69719,56712.73,162141,780110,483180,6849.71,23615,66445,93770,2423.12,04490,11969,860115,21911.91,45363,77647,21885,08312.633915,01910,84520,51212.22,01679,37263,66198,4848.8
Anatomic location
 Unknown00000.077228,40814,44955,6061.96188507060.0206683031,5930.100000.0112821236750.21,75857,57335,00593,1346.3<10-4
 Head/neck3,201129,5805,1838,773100.017,788864,682824,024904,44259.25,583264,463253,135275,47352.412,642573,946559,559587,54975.710,948491,673485,475495,99097.340817,64812,31724,78114.43,890142,121124,602161,60215.7
 Upper trunk00000.03,518165,040149,743181,70611.340515,02711,90018,9093.056724,96119,87331,2513.32198,0245,30812,0831.668627,18421,67733,62622.21,51466,07953,50481,3457.3
 Lower trunk00000.02,13299,61582,023120,6996.8943,7822,7735,1430.833814,85912,21218,0532.01485,8483,7928,9991.256321,60216,14528,41217.612,596372,305305,338443,18041.1
 Upper extremity00000.04,557220,084206,079234,97715.14,553193,522180,018207,19738.42,637121,514112,792130,76916.000000.066328,56720,32838,87723.32,871130,726113,810149,63114.4
 Lower extremity00000.01,94381,65374,28889,7585.682627,54021,73334,7935.549022,57119,87325,6383.000000.078427,39622,72032,71822.33,026138,051109,095173,02815.2
Disposition from ED
 Release2,909122,178116,361125,44194.629,6161,411,1931,386,1361,423,27398.49,872456,900437,159470,87991.315,821722,625713,651728,78797.49,952460,606436,482475,62492.61,85880,18761,54995,41566.323,717839,692805,339859,95194.7<10-4
 Admit2816,9843,72012,8005.459122,69110,61147,7481.61,50143,39529,41763,1378.751219,37013,20828,3442.61,17536,75221,73560,8777.41,21440,80525,57859,44433.71,34146,85626,59681,2085.3
Hospital size
 Small19624,03716,93633,23718.52,505303,948203,890435,94820.872788,41862,628121,77717.5950115,36072,894176,12815.244754,78829,37297,97510.8769,2164,93216,6977.51,472179,271125,237249,20419.8<10-4
 Medium25930,92320,42244,61423.92,680337,993228,847478,85623.2867109,77779,067148,09921.81,236157,013100,959233,09320.772496,52862,890142,36119.19712,0775,71724,0459.81,079140,28189,325212,74815.5
 Large45740,61029,73953,33531.35,333470,519254,826754,40732.21,984175,824124,248235,33434.93,188281,850147,684448,43637.22,497222,527165,010283,45944.060052,91326,80582,56343.13,234286,070191,165401,55531.5
 Very large1,00422,97715,49833,01717.712,193278,097181,852408,94719.14,404100,42873,419134,13119.97,547171,618105,662262,22022.64,62410,58268,704155,9612.12,01445,60624,54872,17237.29,132208,948143,011293,54923.0
 Children’s1,28511,0356,33618,6858.57,99968,92737,217125,0784.73,48530,07515,98555,0646.03,77332,67815,24668,1154.33,02325,83015,31842,9215.13282,8661,1417,0792.310,73892,28446,612173,75310.2

 = actual number of ED visits;  = estimated number of ED visits; L95% = lower 95% confidence interval of the estimate; U95% = upper 95% confidence interval of the estimate. Those categories comprising less than 1% of the variables as described in the appendix are excluded; thus, the percentage sum will not add up to 100.