International Journal of Pediatrics / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Prevalence and Determinants of Soil-Transmitted Helminthic Infections among School Children at Goro Primary School, South West Shewa, Ethiopia

Table 2

Prevalence of STHs and individual-level associated risk factors among school-age children at Goro Elementary School, Southwest Ethiopia, 2018/19.

VariableAlternativeSTH statusCOR (95% CI) value
Participants (%)Positive (%)

Age6-10119 (30.7)22 (18.5)1.4 (0.8-2.5)0.259
11-15268 (69.3)39 (14.5)

SexFemale199 (51.4)34 (17.1)1.2 (0.7-2.1)0.463
Male188 (48.6)27 (14.4)

Mother’s educational statusIlliterate133 (34.4)18 (13.5)2.3 (1.1-4.8)0.021
Literate254 (65.6)43 (16.9)

Family size≤5112 (28.9)10 (8.9)1.3 (0.7-2.4)0.385
>5275 (71.1)51 (18.6)

ResidenceRural202 (52.2)35 (17.3)1.3 (0.7-2.2)0.378
Urban185 (47.8)26 (14.1)

ReligionOrthodox205 (53.0)31 (15.1)
Muslim128 (33.1)20 (15.6)1.0 (0.6-1.9)0.901
Protestant54 (13.95)10 (2.58)1.3 (0.6-2.9)0.576

Grade1-4215 (55.6)40 (18.6)1.6 (0.9-2.9)0.088
5-8172 (44.4)21 (12.2)

Latrine availability and using practiceNo39 (10.1)10 (25.6)2.0 (0.9-4.4)0.079
Yes348 (89.9)51 (14.7)

Shoe wearing habitSometimes154 (39.8)46 (29.9)6.2 (3.3-11.6)
Always233 (60.2)15 (6.4)

Handwashing habit before mealSometimes96 (24.8)28 (29.2)3.2 (1.8-5.7)
Always291 (75.2)33 (11.3)

Handwashing habit after toiletNot at all152 (39.3)31 (20.4)5.6 (1.9-16.5)0.002
Only with water143 (36.9)26 (18.2)4.9 (1.6-14.5)0.004
Wash with water and soap92 (26.8)4 (4.4)

Source of drinking waterProtected382 (98.7)57 (14.9)
Unprotected5 (1.3)4 (80.0)22.8 (2.5-207.8)0.006

Presence of dirt in fingernailNo221 (57.1)20 (9.1)
Yes166 (42.9)41 (24.7)3.3 (1.8-5.9)

Habit of playing with soilNo210 (54.3)21 (10.0)
Yes177 (45.7)40 (22.6)2.6 (1.5-4.7)0.001

NB: COR: crude odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; significant at .

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