Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 684051, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/684051
Research Article

Synthesis and Properties of Anion Exchangers Derived from Chloromethyl Styrene Codivinylbenzene and Their Use in Water Treatment

1Hydrogeochemistry Department, Desert Research Center, Mataria, Cairo 11753, Egypt
2Department of Chemistry, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
3School of Chemical Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA

Received 8 January 2010; Accepted 5 May 2010

Academic Editor: Marek Cypryk

Copyright © 2010 Hesham A. Ezzeldin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Sata, “Ion exchange membranes and separation processes with chemical reactions,” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 283–294, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. X. F. Zeng and E. Ruckestain, “Novel method of preparing microporous membrane by selective dissolution of chitosan/polyethylene glycol blend membrane,” Biotechnology Progress, vol. 15, 1003 pages, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  3. C. M. Wu, T. W. Xu, and W. H. Yang, “Fundamental studies of a new hybrid (inorganic-organic) positively charged membrane: membrane preparation and characterizations,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 216, no. 1-2, pp. 269–278, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. K. W. Pepper, H. M. Paisley, and M. A. Young, “Properties of ion-exchange resins in relation to their structure. Part VI. Anion-exchange resins derived from styrene-divinylbenzene copolymers,” Journal of Applied Chemistry, pp. 4097–4105, 1953. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Laskin, R. T. Drew, and V. Cappiello, “Inhalation carcinogenicity of alpha halo ethers,” Archives of Environmental Health, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 70–72, 1975. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. The Carcinogenic Substances Regulations, Statutory Instrument, no. 879, HMSO, London, UK, 1967.
  7. R. B. Wuchter, Direct Acylaminomethylation of Aromatic Polymers, vol. 37, US Patent, Alexandria, VA, USA, 1974.
  8. K. Dorfner, Ion Exchangers, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, Germany, 1991.
  9. L. Dominguez, J. Economy, K. Benak, and C. L. Mangun, “Anion exchange fibers for arsenate removal derived from a vinylbenzyl chloride precursor,” Polymers for Advanced Technologies, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 632–637, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. D. Giffin, “Chloromethylation of polystyrene,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry, vol. 44, no. 11, pp. 2686–2693, 1952. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. E. O. Kartinen Jr. and C. J. Martin, “An overview of arsenic removal processes,” Desalination, vol. 103, no. 1-2, pp. 79–88, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L.-L. Horng and D. Clifford, “The behavior of polyprotic anions in ion-exchange resins,” Reactive & Functional Polymers, vol. 35, no. 1-2, pp. 41–54, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Vaaramaa and J. Lehto, “Removal of metals and anions from drinking water by ion exchange,” Desalination, vol. 155, no. 2, pp. 157–170, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Xu and X. Hu, “Preparation of anion exchangers by reductive amination of acetylated crosslinked polystyrene,” Reactive & Functional Polymers, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 235–242, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Subramonian, “Anion-exchange resins from vinylbenzyl choride: control of hydrolysis during polymerization,” Reactive & Functional Polymers, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 129–133, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Y.-J. Choi, M.-S. Kang, J. Cho, and S.-H. Moon, “Preparation and characterization of LDPE/polyvinylbenzyl trimethyl ammonium salts anion-exchange membrane,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 221, no. 1-2, pp. 219–231, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. M. Kolhe and A. Kumar, “Preparation of strong base anion exchange membrane using 60Co gamma radiation,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, vol. 74, no. 5, pp. 384–390, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Fang and P. K. Shen, “Quaternized poly(phthalazinon ether sulfone ketone) membrane for anion exchange membrane fuel cells,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 285, no. 1-2, pp. 317–322, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus