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International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2012, Article ID 170912, 18 pages
Review Article

Novel Complex Polymers with Carbazole Functionality by Controlled Radical Polymerization

Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Department of Organic Device Engineering, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamagata University, 4-3-16, Jonan, Yonezawa 992-8510, Japan

Received 27 September 2011; Accepted 8 December 2011

Academic Editor: Toshifumi Satoh

Copyright © 2012 Kazuhiro Nakabayashi and Hideharu Mori. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This review summarizes recent advances in the design and synthesis of novel complex polymers with carbazole moieties using controlled radical polymerization techniques. We focus on the polymeric architectures of block copolymers, star polymers, including star block copolymers and miktoarm star copolymers, comb-shaped copolymers, and hybrids. Controlled radical polymerization of N-vinylcarbazole (NVC) and styrene and (meth)acrylate derivatives having carbazole moieties is well advanced, leading to the well-controlled synthesis of complex macromolecules. Characteristic optoelectronic properties, assembled structures, and three-dimensional architectures are briefly introduced.